Skip to main content

Table 4 Academic-year differences in the helpfulness of the learning method for the eight character qualities (n = 728)

From: Medical students’ self-evaluation of character, and method of character education

Category Service and sacrifice Empathy and communication Care and respect Honesty and humility Responsibility and calling Collaboration and magnanimity Creativity and positivity Patience and leadership
Club activities Group1 (n = 202) 3.5 ± 1.38 4.3 ± .96 4.1 ± 1.03 3.1 ± 1.33 3.9 ± 1.30 4.3 ± 0.97 3.3 ± 1.42 3.8 ± 1.16
Group2 (n = 415) 3.5 ± 1.41 3.8 ± 1.25 3.7 ± 1.26 3.0 ± 1.39 3.7 ± 1.30 3.9 ± 1.25 3.1 ± 1.47 3.7 ± 1.29
Group3 (n = 111) 3.3 ± 1.31 3.8 ± 1.11 3.7 ± 0.99 3.1 ± 1.20 3.5 ± 1.20 3.7 ± 1.07 3.4 ± 1.25 3.6 ± 1.05
F 1.096 10.763*** 7.219** 1.549 2.692 11.594*** 2.829 1.121
Scheffé   1 > 2,3 1 > 2,3    1 > 2,3   
Course studies Group1 (n = 202) 2.8 ± 1.37 3.1 ± 1.32 3.1 ± 1.33 3.0 ± 1.31 3.4 ± 1.25 3.3 ± 1.32 3.0 ± 1.38 3.3 ± 1.29
Group2 (n = 415) 2.7 ± 1.33 2.8 ± 1.34 2.8 ± 1.32 2.8 ± 1.38 3.3 ± 1.31 3.0 ± 1.34 2.6 ± 1.37 3.0 ± 1.32
Group3 (n = 111) 2.9 ± 1.44 3.1 ± 1.29 3.2 ± 1.23 3.1 ± 1.27 3.3 ± 1.31 3.2 ± 1.22 2.9 ± 1.31 3.2 ± 1.34
F .773 4.207* 5.444** 3.216* .646 2.855 4.317* 3.918*
Scheffé   1 > 2 1,3 > 2     1 > 2 1 > 2
Role modeling of professors Group1 (n = 202) 3.3 ± 1.37 3.4 ± 1.26 3.5 ± 1.25 3.4 ± 1.32 3.7 ± 1.27 3.2 ± 1.36 3.1 ± 1.37 3.6 ± 1.20
Group2 (n = 415) 3.2 ± 1.38 3.2 ± 1.33 3.3 ± 1.29 3.3 ± 1.36 3.7 ± 1.26 3.2 ± 1.36 3.0 ± 1.46 3.4 ± 1.31
Group3 (n = 111) 3.8 ± 1.07 3.7 ± 1.03 3.8 ± 0.99 3.7 ± 1.05 4.0 ± 0.88 3.7 ± 1.05 3.3 ± 1.28 3.7 ± 1.22
F 6.996** 6.364** 8.979*** 4.800** 2.605 7.359** 1.922 2.239
Scheffé 3 > 1,2 3 > 2 3 > 2 3 > 2   3 > 1,2   
Team-based learning activities Group1 (n = 202) 3.5 ± 1.35 4.0 ± 1.07 3.9 ± 1.24 3.3 ± 1.27 3.8 ± 1.28 4.0 ± 1.12 3.4 ± 1.30 3.8 ± 1.24
Group2 (n = 415) 3.5 ± 1.24 3.8 ± 1.11 3.8 ± 1.12 3.3 ± 1.19 3.7 ± 1.17 3.8 ± 1.13 3.2 ± 1.26 3.7 ± 1.10
Group3 (n = 111) 3.5 ± 1.12 3.8 ± 1.06 3.8 ± 1.16 3.5 ± 1.15 3.9 ± 1.13 3.9 ± 1.15 3.4 ± 1.13 3.8 ± 1.00
F .023 3.099* .664 1.150 1.133 2.424 2.720 .983
Scheffé   1 > 2       
Relationships with peer students Group1 (n = 202) 3.5 ± 1.25 4.2 ± 0.94 4.1 ± 0.95 3.6 ± 1.30 3.6 ± 1.34 3.9 ± 1.08 3.1 ± 1.35 3.6 ± 1.19
Group2 (n = 415) 3.3 ± 1.28 3.9 ± 0.99 3.9 ± 1.01 3.5 ± 1.17 3.5 ± 1.17 3.8 ± 1.05 3.0 ± 1.33 3.6 ± 1.16
Group3 (n = 111) 3.5 ± 1.04 3.9 ± 0.96 3.8 ± 0.95 3.6 ± 0.95 3.6 ± 1.19 3.8 ± 0.95 3.3 ± 1.16 3.6 ± 1.00
F 1.857 5.054** 6.246** 1.212 .221 1.540 1.905 .320
Scheffé   1 > 2,3 1 > 2,3      
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001