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Table 3 Academic-year differences in self-assessment and importance of character and satisfaction with character education (n = 728)

From: Medical students’ self-evaluation of character, and method of character education

Character qualities Self-assessment Importance Satisfaction
Group1 (n = 202) Group2 (n = 415) Group3 (n = 111) F Group1 (n = 202) Group2 (n = 415) Group3 (n = 111) F Scheffé Group1 (n = 202) Group2 (n = 415) Group3 (n = 111) F Scheffé
Service and sacrifice 3.6 ± .84 3.6 ± .85 3.6 ± .92 .109 4.5 ± .75 4.4 ± .78 4.2 ± .90 6.65** 1, 2 > 3 3.4 ± 1.01 3.4 ± .94 3.5 ± .96 .854 -
Empathy and communication 4.0 ± .79 3.9 ± .86 3.8 ± .87 2.941 4.7 ± .61 4.6 ± .67 4.4 ± .70 6.757** 1, 2 > 3 3.6 ± .99 3.5 ± .98 3.7 ± .99 4.018* 3 > 2
Care and respect 4.0 ± .78 4.0 ± .76 4.0 ± .76 .024 4.6 ± .66 4.5 ± .73 4.3 ± .79 6.534** 1 > 3 3.6 ± 1.00 3.5 ± .97 3.6 ± 1.01 1.679 -
Honesty and humility 4.8 ± .76 4.0 ± .79 4.0 ± .68 1.388 4.5 ± .76 4.4 ± .73 4.1 ± .87 11.429*** 1, 2 > 3 3.5 ± 1.03 3.4 ± .97 3.6 ± .98 2.863 -
Responsibility and calling 3.9 ± .87 3.9 ± .85 4.0 ± .71 .671 4.7 ± .60 4.6 ± .64 4.4 ± .66 5.637** 1 > 3 3.8 ± .97 3.7 ± .93 3.7 ± .98 .724 -
Collaboration and magnanimity 3.8 ± .86 3.8 ± .81 3.8 ± .81 .260 4.4 ± .77 4.4 ± .74 4.3 ± .74 .366 - 3.8 ± 1.05 3.6 ± .93 3.7 ± .98 2.454 -
Creativity and positivity 3.6 ± .96 3.5 ± .98 3.4 ± .94 .655 3.9 ± 1.03 3.8 ± 1.08 3.7 ± 1.09 1.284 - 3.2 ± 1.12 3.0 ± 1.09 3.3 ± 1.19 3.022* -
Patience and Leadership 3.8 ± .82 3.7 ± .87 3.7 ± .87 .711 4.2 ± .87 4.1 ± .89 4.0 ± .91 2.764 - 3.5 ± 1.00 3.4 ± 1.00 3.7 ± .95 4.247* 3 > 2
TOTAL 3.8 ± .53 3.8 ± .59 3.8 ± .55 .659 4.4 ± .57 4.3 ± .56 4.2 ± .62 7.555** 1, 2 > 3 3.6 ± .84 3.4 ± .77 3.6 ± .88 3.030* -
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001