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Table 3 EBPQ, Adapted Fresno Total, and Journal Club Culture Questionnaire scores at baseline, 10-months and 16-months: Model adjusted Means and Mean Differences

From: Long term tailored implementation of structured “TREAT” journal clubs in allied health: a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study

  Baseline/Pre
Mean (SE)
10 month
Mean (SE)
16-months Mean (SE) Pre-10 month Mean Difference and 95% CI,
p-value
Pre-16 month Mean Difference and 95% CI,
p-value
EBPQ & Adapted Fresno
 EBP use (Q1 total, max score = 42) 23.4 (1.2) 25.5 (1.3) 24.3 (1.3) 2.2 (0.4, 4.1) 0.015 0.9 (-1.1, 2.9) 0.4
 EBP attitudes (Q2 total, max score = 28) 21.7 (0.4) 21.2 (0.5) 21.8 (0.5) -0.41 (-1.3, 0.5) 0.390 0.2 (-0.8, 1.2) 0.680
 EBP confidence (Q3 total, max score = 98) 56.9 (1.8) 61.8 (1.9) 62.6 (2.0) 4.9 (2.2, 7.5) 0.000 5.7 (2.7, 8.7) 0.000
 EBP skills (Adapted Fresno Test) Total (max score = 168) 70.4 (5.6) 80.0 (5.7) 78.2 (5.9) 6.6 (0.4, 12.7) 0.036 7.8 (0.9, 14.7) 0.028
JCC Questionnaire (maximum score of 5 = strong agreement)
 Use of EBP valued by team 4.4 (0.1) 4.6 (0.1) 4.6(0.1) 0.1(-0.1, 0.2) 0.220 0.1 (-0.03, 0.3) 0.100
 Manager expects attendance 4.0 (0.3) 4.3 (0.3) 4.2 (0.3) 0.26 (0.04, 0.5) 0.020 0.2 (-0.1, 0.4) 0.160
 Sense of JC ownership 3.9 (0.2) 3.7 (0.2) 4.0 (0.2) -0.2 (-0.4, 0.1) 0.160 0.1 (-0.1, 0.3) 0.420
 JC is applicable to practice 4.4 (0.2) 4.1 (0.2) 4.1 (0.2) -0.3 (-0.5, -0.1) 0.002 -0.3 (-0.5, -0.1) 0.004
 JC attendance is a priority 4.0 (0.3) 3.8 (0.3) 3.7 (0.3) -0.1 (-0.4, 0.1) 0.190 -0.3 (-0.5, 0.0) 0.035
 JC is of benefit to me 4.3 (0.2) 4.1 (0.2) 4.0 (0.2) -0.12(-0.4, -0.0) 0.050 -0.3 (-0.5, -0.0) 0.020
 Group participation valuable part of JC 4.4 (0.1) 4.5 (0.1) 4.6 (0.1) 0.1 (-0.1, 0.2) 0.500 0.2 (-0.0, 0.35) 0.100
 Sharing of knowledge and skills within team 3.7 (0.2) 3.9 (0.2) 4.0 (0.2) 0.2 (-0.1, 0.4) 0.2 0.3 (0.1, 0.6) 0.010
 Access to expertise and resources outside team 3.5 (0.1) 3.8 (0.1) 4.0 (0.1) 0.3 (0.1, 0.5) 0.020 0.6 (0.3, 0.8) 0.000
 Think JC should continue N/A 3.8 (0.2 3.7 (0.2) -0.0 (-0.3, 0.2) p = 0.870 (10 – 16-months)
 Recommend JC to others N/A 3.9 (0.2) 4.0 (0.2) 0.1 (-0.2, 0.3) p = 0.607 (10 – 16-months)
  1. N.B: Mean model-based estimate of mean score, SE standard error for model-based estimate