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Table 4 Barriers to participation in research

From: Research involvement among undergraduate health profession students in a resource-limited setting: awareness, attitude, motivators and barriers

Question Frequency Percentage
What factors would limit you from conducting research?
 Lack of mandatory courses on research methodology 161 40.5
 Lack of time for research conduction 193 48.5
 Lack of funds 317 79.6
 Lack of collaborations 201 50.5
 Lack of interest in research 55 13.8
 Lack of statistical support 135 33.9
 Lack of mentorship 252 63.3
 Difficulty in dealing with patients 45 11.3
 Difficulty in obtaining approval for the study 155 38.9
 Others 9 2.3
What are the commonest challenges you usually find when carrying out research?
 Lack of mentorship 223 56
 Lack of motivation 141 35.4
 Lack of time 166 41.7
 Complexity of the research process 165 41.5
 Lack of opportunities like sponsorship 279 70.1
 Others 7 1.8
What type of research do you find difficult carrying out?
 Case Report 64 16.1
 Basic science 47 11.8
 Retrospective clinical study 111 27.9
 Prospective clinical study 114 28.6
 Clinical trial 222 55.8
 Cross-sectional study 82 20.6
 Review articles 66 16.6
 Others 12 3
At which of the following steps of research do you find the biggest challenge?
 Designing a study 168 42.2
 Study sampling 85 21.4
 Participant Recruitment 122 30.7
 Biological statistics 121 30.4
 Manuscript writing 155 38.9
 Paper presenting 77 19.3
 Others 12 3