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Table 1 Characteristics of medical students stratified by medical education tracks

From: Attractiveness of medical disciplines amongst Swiss first-year medical students allocated to different medical education tracks: cross-sectional study

  ETH Zurich track (n = 94) UZH track (n = 201) Lucerne track (n = 32) St. Gallen track (n = 27) p*
Section 1) Demographical characteristics
 sex = female (%) 55 (61.1) 105 (63.3) 23 (82.1) 16 (69.6) 0.201*
 age (mean (SD)) 19.9 (1.8) 20.2 (2.2) 21.5 (3.8) 19.9 (1.0) 0.01
 assignment concordant with application (%) 76 (80.9) 199 (99.5) 14 (45.2) 16 (59.3) < 0.001*
 ET (median [IQR]) 91.5 [84.0, 96.0] 89.0 [79.0, 96.0] 85.0 [78.0, 90.0] 89.5 [81.2, 91.8] 0.031
 Domicile in medical education track canton (%) 34 (36.2) 132 (65.7) 6 (18.8) 12 (44.4) < 0.001*
Section 2) Overall career openness (%)
 completely open 51 (54.8) 96 (56.1) 10 (32.3) 11 (47.8) < 0.001*
 partially open 17 (18.3) 52 (30.4) 18 (58.1) 9 (39.1)
 committed 25 (26.9) 23 (13.5) 3 (9.7) 3 (13.0)
Section 3) Number of students rating specific career as at least rather attractive (%)
 general practice 25 (26.6) 51 (25.4) 11 (34.4) 8 (29.6) 0.740*
 outpatient care: gynecologist/pediatrics 26 (27.7) 44 (21.9) 10 (31.2) 7 (25.9) 0.560*
 outpatient care: subspecialty 62 (66.0) 95 (47.3) 16 (50.0) 12 (44.4) 0.020*
 inpatient care: general internist 44 (46.8) 78 (38.8) 14 (43.8) 16 (59.3) 0.178*
 inpatient care: subspecialty 71 (75.5) 120 (59.7) 18 (56.2) 17 (63.0) 0.049*
 research & education (academic career) 35 (37.2) 30 (14.9) 1 (3.1) 3 (11.1) < 0.001*
 research & development (industry) 30 (31.9) 19 (9.5) 1 (3.1) 3 (11.1) < 0.001*
Section 4) Number of students rating specific determinants as at least rather important (%)
 financial success 31 (33.0) 81 (40.3) 17 (53.1) 13 (48.1) 0.174*
 reputation 40 (42.6) 70 (34.8) 11 (34.4) 12 (44.4) 0.508*
 political environment 24 (25.5) 35 (17.4) 3 (9.4) 3 (11.1) 0.111*
 part time working 45 (47.9) 77 (38.3) 15 (46.9) 11 (40.7) 0.426*
 relationship to patients 71 (75.5) 136 (67.7) 25 (78.1) 20 (74.1) 0.400*
 having medical tasks 72 (76.6) 144 (71.6) 25 (78.1) 21 (77.8) 0.707*
 career opportunities 76 (80.9) 134 (66.7) 18 (56.2) 20 (74.1) 0.024*
 autonomy 62 (66.0) 102 (50.7) 20 (62.5) 13 (48.1) 0.065*
  1. *statistical significance of between-medical education track differences is determined by Chi-squared test(*)
  2. ANOVA
  3. Kruskal Wallis test