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Table 3 Survey responses of those with and without exposure and interest

From: Ophthalmology as a career choice among medical students: a survey of students at a Canadian medical school

Factor, mean (SD) Overall Previous exposure No Exposure P-value Interest No interest P-value
Lifestyle
 Work hoursa 5.39 (1.22) 5.43 (1.33) 5.37 (1.20) 0.653 5.64 (1.36) 5.36 (1.21) 0.307
 Career Flexibilitya 4.22 (1.61) 4.43 (1.85) 4.16 (1.54) 0.330 5.09 (1.97) 4.15 (1.56) 0.042
 Personal Flexibilitya 5.58 (1.16) 5.67 (1.06) 5.55 (1.18) 0.740 5.72 (1.10) 5.56 (1.16) 0.662
 Lifestylea 5.79 (1.14) 5.90 (1.06) 5.76 (1.16) 0.648 6.00 (1.00) 5.77 (1.15) 0.605
 Career Satisfactiona 5.30 (1.22) 5.20 (1.50) 5.33 (1.14) 0.939 5.54 (0.82) 5.28 (1.25) 0.544
 Residency Lengtha 4.67 (1.12) 4.57 (1.48) 4.70 (1.00) 0.866 4.81 (1.17) 4.65 (1.12) 0.399
 Residency Lifestylea 5.07 (1.32) 5.10 (1.45) 5.06 (1.28) 0.761 5.18 (1.54) 5.06 (1.30) 0.588
Culture
 Staff Gender Distribution 4.04 (1.10) 4.23 (1.30) 3.99 (1.03) 0.415 3.73 (1.35) 4.07 (1.08) 0.435
 Staff Approachability - Students 4.47 (1.51) 5.00 (1.62) 4.32 (1.44) 0.009 4.91 (1.70) 4.44 (1.49) 0.241
 Staff Approachability – Patients 4.75 (1.14) 5.33 (1.12) 4.58 (1.09) < 0.001 5.36 (1.29) 4.69 (1.11) 0.105
 Resident Gender Distribution 4.15 (0.89) 4.30 (1.21) 4.10 (0.77) 0.283 4.18 (1.25) 4.15 (0.85) 0.477
 Resident Approachability – Students 4.81 (1.37) 5.23 (1.52) 4.69 (1.30) 0.029 5.45 (1.04) 4.75 (1.38) 0.093
 Resident Approachability - Patients 4.84 (1.01) 6.17 (1.21) 4.74 (1.04) 0.030 5.64 (1.12) 4.77 (1.06) 0.016
 Patient Relationshipsa 4.13 (1.43) 4.50 (1.63) 4.03 (1.35) 0.124 5.55 (1.29) 4.01 (1.38) 0.002
 Patient Diversity 4.67 (1.38) 4.77 (1.43) 4.65 (1.37) 0.539 5.73 (1.10) 4.58 (1.37) 0.008
 Patient Satisfactiona 5.17 (1.14) 5.37 (1.25) 5.11 (1.10) 0.154 5.64 (1.12) 5.13 (1.13) 0.188
 Intensity 4.15 (1.05) 3.97 (1.03) 4.20 (1.06) 0.566 4.09 (1.14) 4.15 (1.05) 0.958
Prestige
 Competitiveness 6.46 (1.03) 6.33 (1.15) 6.50 (0.99) 0.180 6.73 (0.47) 6.44 (1.06) 0.501
 Prestigea 5.19 (1.54) 5.00 (1.51) 5.24 (1.55) 0.360 5.09 (1.22) 5.19 (1.57) 0.541
 Humility 3.42 (1.25) 3.83 (1.05) 3.30 (1.29) 0.047 4.27 (1.35) 3.35 (1.22) 0.042
 Intelligencea 4.90 (1.13) 5.13 (1.22) 4.84 (1.10) 0.128 5.36 (1.12) 4.86 (1.13) 0.216
 Role in Researcha 5.41 (1.22) 5.57 (1.36) 5.37 (1.18) 0.293 6.00 (1.10) 5.36 (1.22) 0.081
Scope of Practice
 Mix of Urgent and Non-Urgent Carea 4.38 (1.34) 4.80 (1.47) 4.26 (1.29) 0.033 5.00 (1.61) 4.32 (1.31) 0.125
 Inpatient-Outpatient Ratioa 3.71 (1.37) 3.83 (1.68) 3.67 (1.27) 0.686 5.09 (1.58) 3.59 (1.28) < 0.001
 Rapid Patient Results 5.19 (1.11) 5.30 (1.42) 5.15 (1.02) 0.160 5.36 (1.21) 5.17 (1.11) 0.575
 Range of Practicea 3.90 (1.30) 3.93 (1.41) 3.90 (1.28) 0.836 4.91 (1.58) 3.81 (1.24) 0.019
 Impact on Patient QoLa 5.81 (1.15) 6.27 (1.08) 5.69 (1.14) 0.005 6.36 (1.03) 5.77 (1.15) 0.057
 Clinic – OR Balancea 4.73 (1.12) 5.10 (1.32) 4.62 (1.04) 0.031 5.55 (1.37) 4.65 (1.07) 0.022
Hospital Orientation
 Specialty Interactiona 3.52 (1.20) 3.60 (1.45) 3.50 (1.12) 0.839 4.00 (1.84) 3.48 (1.12) 0.271
 Adequate Job Opportunitiesa 3.92 (1.30) 4.10 (1.25) 3.87 (1.29) 0.473 4.27 (1.85) 3.89 (1.24) 0.423
 Practice Maintenancea 4.17 (1.35) 4.23 (1.33) 4.15 (1.36) 0.685 4.09 (1.64) 4.18 (1.33) 0.656
Subject material
 Exposure in Medical School 2.90 (1.40) 3.53 (1.60) 2.72 (1.30) 0.012 2.18 (0.98) 2.97 (1.41) 0.082
 Concept Simplicity 4.06 (1.31) 4.33 (1.37) 3.98 (1.29) 0.245 4.36 (1.03) 4.03 (1.33) 0.409
 Interesting Material 4.26 (1.42) 4.77 (1.41) 4.11 (1.40) 0.027 4.73 (1.56) 4.22 (1.41) 0.298
 Relevance of Material 4.56 (1.30) 5.13 (1.11) 4.39 (1.31) 0.008 4.45 (0.93) 4.56 (1.33) 0.671
 Applicability of Material 3.27 (1.32) 3.50 (1.28) 3.20 (1.33) 0.205 3.27 (1.49) 3.27 (1.31) 0.997
  1. aDenotes questions used for regression analysis. SD Standard deviation, QoL Quality of life