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Table 5 Modalities for Remediating Patient Care and Procedural Skills

From: Post graduate remediation programs in medicine: a scoping review

Modality References
Intensified direct supervision [65,66,67, 72, 77, 87, 99, 105, 113, 128, 130, 142]
Professional coaching to correct personal behaviour [61, 72, 89, 99, 105, 145]
Direct observation & feedback [72, 98, 99, 105, 113, 122, 141],
Simulations of clinical scenarios [61, 67, 74, 78, 87, 98, 125, 130, 140, 141]
Clinical tutorials, workshops (Didactic and Educational Activity) [112]
Lectures [67]
Repeat/increased clinical rotations [18, 66, 77, 89, 128, 130, 136]
Readings [61, 65,66,67, 89, 128]
Holistic support (e.g. alcohol addiction rehabilitation, underlying reasons for substandard skills) [9, 87, 97, 130, 134]