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Table 4 Modalities for Remediating Practice-Based Learning and Improvement

From: Post graduate remediation programs in medicine: a scoping review

Modality References
Intensified direct supervision [65,66,67, 72, 77, 82, 87, 95, 96, 99,100,101, 105, 110, 113, 128, 130, 137, 142]
Role-modelling [114]
Direct observation & feedback [9, 62, 68, 69, 72, 85, 93, 98,99,100, 105, 110, 113, 122, 141, 143],
Simulations of clinical scenarios [9, 62, 67, 78, 87, 98, 99, 125, 130, 138, 140, 141]
Case discussions [68, 69, 72, 82, 83, 86, 87, 110, 113, 137, 144]
Clinical tutorials, workshops (Didactic and Educational Activity) [69, 86, 95, 96, 99, 110, 128, 140, 141, 145]
Lectures [67, 69, 70, 83]
Counselling [74, 89, 95, 99, 100, 122]
Clinical embedding such as ward round presentations [140]
Online courses, assignments, quizzes [82, 132, 133, 138]
Repeat/increased clinical rotations [18, 66, 77, 89, 99, 128, 130, 132, 136]
Readings [65,66,67, 86, 89, 110, 128, 131, 137]
Holistic support (e.g. alcohol addiction rehabilitation, underlying reasons for substandard skills) [9, 87, 97, 130, 134]