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Table 1 PICOS

From: Post graduate remediation programs in medicine: a scoping review

PICOs Inclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria
Population • Licenced physicians in training. These are doctors who have graduated from medical school and completed their pre-registration postings and are fully licenced physicians and who are in training positions. • Specialists who have completed their training
• Physicians who have completed or who have left training programs
• Physicians who are not in training schemes or programs
• Medical Students
• Allied health specialties such as Pharmacy, Dietetics, Chiropractic, Midwifery, Podiatry, Speech Therapy, Occupational and Physiotherapy
• Non-medical specialties such as Clinical and Translational Science, Alternative and Traditional Medicine, Veterinary, Dentistry
Intervention • Remediation programmes in the academic, professional and clinical context as part of a training program in any field of medicine • Poor characterisation of remediation processes.
Comparison • Comparisons of the various practices in remediation programmes (approaches, modalities, processes, objectives, motivations, challenges, facilitating characteristics/resources)  
Outcome • Impact of remediation programmes on host organisation and other relevant stakeholders.
• Evaluation of remediation processes by institutions
Study design • Articles in English or translated to English
• All study designs including mixed methods research, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, descriptive papers, opinion pieces and grey literature
• Years of Publication: 1 January 1990–31 December 2021
• Databases: PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, ERIC, Google Scholar, ASSIA, DARE, PsycINFO