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Table 3 Comparison of the mean of emergency care methods before and after the intervention by the study groups

From: Comparative study of virtual and face-to-face training methods on the quality of healthcare services provided by Kermanshah pre-hospital emergency staff (EMS): randomized educational Intervention trial

Variable Face-to-face group Virtual group Mean differencea P- value
CPR Before 10.3 ± 2.1 10.5 ± 1.1  + 0.08 ± 0.3 0.813
After 11.6 ± 1.2 11.8 ± 0.8   
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001   
Tracheal intubation Before 7.4 ± 1.8 7.4 ± 1.6  + 0.11 ± 0.09 0.266
After 8.8 ± 0.8 8.8 ± 0.6   
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001   
LMA Before 6.0 ± 2.1 5.4 ± 2.1 -0.21 ± 0.3 0.538
After 7.9 ± 1.7 7.8 ± 1.6   
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001   
AED Before 5.3 ± 1.4 5.0 ± 1.7  + 0.06 ± 0.1 0.559
After 5.8 ± 0.7 5.7 ± 1.1   
P-value 0.005  < 0.001   
Total Before 29.0 ± 6.1 28.4 ± 5.1  + 0.13 ± 0.4 0.774
After 34.1 ± 3.7 34.2 ± 3.4   
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001   
  1. aMean difference adjusted for education, job experience and score for each item of emergency care methods before the intervention
  2. Values are expressed as Mean ± SD