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Table 3 Objective outcome between two groups on learning self-efficacy

From: Does ultrasound education improve anatomy learning? Effects of the Parallel Ultrasound Hands-on (PUSH) undergraduate medicine course

Subjective outcome Group 1 Group 2    
(Learning self-efficacy) Mean ± SD Mean ± SD t d P
Overall Learning self-efficacy 43.11 ± 7.49 45.08 ± 5.82 −1.66 −0.30 0.100
Learning self-efficacy (Cog.) 3.81 ± 0.78 4.01 ± 0.53 −1.68 −0.30 0.095
Learning self-efficacy (Aff.) 3.29 ± 0.68 3.37 ± 0.65 −0.66 −0.12 0.510
Learning self-efficacy (Psy.) 3.68 ± 0.77 3.89 ± 0.60 −1.77 −0.32 0.079
  1. * P < 0.05, Aff. affective domain, Cog. cognitive domain, d Cohen’s d, LSE learning self-efficacy, M mean, Psy. psychomotor domain, SD standard deviation, t t-value