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Table 1 Primary outcome between two groups on Midterm exam

From: Does ultrasound education improve anatomy learning? Effects of the Parallel Ultrasound Hands-on (PUSH) undergraduate medicine course

Objective outcomes Group 1 Group 2    
(Midterm exam) Mean ± SD Mean ± SD t d P
Other anatomy Written examination (30/50) 23.7 ± 4.4 22.7 ± 5.7 1.20 0.20 0.233
Other anatomy Laboratory examination (24/50) 14.7 ± 4.5 14.1 ± 5.8 0.65 0.11 0.515
Target anatomy Written examinationa (20/50) 12.7 ± 3.1 11.2 ± 4.0 2.50* 0.43 0.014
Target anatomy Laboratory examinationb (26/50) 11.6 ± 3.9 10.9 ± 4.6 1.02 0.17 0.308
  1. a Discrimination t = 18.74, b Discrimination t = 24.71; * P < 0.05; d, Cohen’s d; t, t-value