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Table 4 The relationship between the online learning experience and reported headaches with screen exposure time

From: The online learning experience and reported headaches associated with screen exposure time among Saudi health sciences students during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variables Frequency and percentages of Screen time exposure P-value
Very Low Low High Very High
Headache Category:      0.046*
No headache 2 (1.65) 50 (41.32) 55 (45.45) 14 (11.57)
Non-migraine headache 3 (3.90) 58 (37.66) 81 (52.60) 9 (5.84)
•Migraine without aura 0 (0.00) 12 (32.43) 24 (64.86) 1 (2.70)
Migraine with aura 4 (4.88) 7 (17.07) 26 (63.41) 6 (14.63)
Online learning perception (Mean ± SD) 36.60 ± 5.54 37.54 ± 8.11 35.31 ± 7.75 36.33 ± 6.71 0.0996
Preference domain 10.70 ± 2.31 10.63 ± 1.99 10.28 ± 1.75 10.26 ± 1.93 0.3946
Effectiveness domain 10.20 ± 2.39 10.81 ± 3.03 10.19 ± 2.77 10.63 ± 2.37 0.2777
Satisfaction domain 10.70 ± 2.31 10.63 ± 1.99 10.28 ± 1.75 10.27 ± 1.93 0.3946
Online learning Headache status P-value
No headache non-migraine headache Migraine without aura Migraine with aura
Online learning perception 37.59 ± 8.04 36.73 ± 7.68 34.51 ± 7.06 31.90 ± 6.47 0.0003**
  1. * chi-square **ANOVA