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Table 3 Differences in the number of points achieved in the OSCE station with and without phone call distraction. Negative values indicate less points in the OSCE station with phone call distraction.

From: Effect of phone call distraction on the performance of medical students in an OSCE

Step Mean
Difference
p
Assembling Materials
 Peripheral venous cathether -0.00199 .158
 Tourniquet -0.01292 .001
 Alcohol -0.01391 <.001
 Band-aid 0.00099 .797
 Swab -0.01491 .002
 Sharps container -0.0248 .002
Putting on gloves
(partial if hand disinfection missing)
-0.0776 .01
Putting on the tourniquet
(partial if kept on for too long)
-0.0295 .016
Taking off the tourniquet
(partial if taken off after needle has been removed)
-0.02019 .366
Cleaning the patient’s skin with alcohol -0.0124 .451
Letting the alcohol dry for 30 seconds -0.0186 .181
Inserting the needle
(partial if only successful on second try)
-0.06832 .001
Sterile insertion of the needle -0.0155 .494
Disposing the needle into the sharps container
(partial if needle is placed on a tray)
-0.0683 .144
Fixing the catheter in place -0.0373 .436
Starting the intravenous therapy 0.0031 .942
Informing the patient about the procedure -0.0311 .114
Performing all steps in a structured manner -0.0342 .26
Sanitizing the hands after the procedure has been completed -0.0124 .451