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Table 2 Comparative student self-assessment items rated after completing the offered elective course

From: Communication in the face of death and dying - how does the encounter with death influence the patient management competence of medical students? An outcome-evaluation

Question Wording Competence
1 I am capable of explaining in detail the basic principles of communication with severely ill patients. Knowledge
2 I am capable of explaining in detail the NURSE model for dealing with emotions emerging during the meeting. Knowledge
3 I can actively generate a reassuring atmosphere for my talk with a severely ill patient. Skills
4 I am confident using non-verbal techniques while talking with a severely ill patient. Skills
5 I can maintain a neutral attitude in order to professionally handle dying and death in my capacity as a physician. Attitude
6 I can handle being directly confronted with my own mortality. Attitude
7 I know how to interpret my dialogue partner’s emotions during a meeting. Skills
8 I have all the skills and competences I need to be aware of my own feelings and maintain a balance between empathy and professionalism while meeting with a severely ill patient. Skills
9 I can accept my emotional reaction when sympathising with a patient in an existential crisis. Attitude
10 I can explain in detail how my own emotions influence my professionalism and work as a physician. Knowledge
11 I am not afraid of meeting a severely ill patient. Attitude
12 I know how to choose the right words when meeting with a severely ill patient. Skills
13 I can handle silence in a meeting with a severely ill patient. Skills
14 I can treat a dying person with dignity. Attitude