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Table 1 Sociodemographic, religious, and medical training characteristics of attending physicians from the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC) and Hotel Dieu de France (HDF) participating in the study

From: Physicians’ approach to end of life care: comparison of two tertiary care university hospitals in Lebanon

  AUBMC HDF p-value
Gender
 Male
 Female
75(75%)
25(25%)
51(76.1%)
16(23.9%)
0.869†
Age 52.8 ± 10.9 53.7 ± 8.8 0.554ɸ
Number of siblings
 0 4(4.1%) 2(3.2%)  
 1 12(12.2%) 17(27%)  
 2 32(32.7%) 18(28.6%)  
 3 30(30.6%) 15(23.8%) 0.117‡
 4
 5
 6
 7
11(11.2%)
6(6.1%)
2(2%)
1(1%)
7(11.1%)
4(6.3%)
0(0%)
0(0%)
 
Highest paternal educational attainment
 Primary Education 11(11.1%) 2(3%)  
 Complementary Education 4(4%) 11(16.4%)  
 Secondary Education
 University Degree
 University Post-Graduate Degree
17(17.2%)
25(25.3%)
42(42.4%)
19(28.4%)
19(28.4%)
16(23.9%)
0.033‡
Highest maternal educational attainment
 Illiterate 8(8%) 1(1.5%)  
 Primary Education 6(6%) 4(6%)  
 Complementary Education
 Secondary Education
 University Degree
 University Post-Graduate Degree
6(6%)
31(31%)
31(31%)
18(18%)
10(14.9%)
28(41.8%)
14(20.9%)
10(14.9%)
0.315‡
Religious background
 Christian 30(35.3%) 65(98.5%)  
 Muslim 39(45.9%) 1(1.5%)  
 Druze
 Atheist
 other
 none
4(4.7%)
2(2.4%)
2(2.4%)
8(9.4%)
0(0%)
0(0%)
0(0%)
0(0%)
0.000†
Degree of religiosity
 Non-believer 14(14.1%) 1(1.5%)  
 Non-practicing believer
 Occasionally practicing believer
 Regularly practicing believer
18(18.2%)
32(32.3%)
35(35.4%)
11(16.7%)
35(53%)
19(28.8%)
0.435‡
Country(ies) of specialization
 Lebanon
 France
 United States
 Canada
 United Kingdom
 Other
73(73.7%)
5(5.1%)
60(60.6%)
6(6.1%)
12(12.1%)
3(3%)
59(88.1%)
66(98.5%)
7(10.4%)
4(6%)
0(0%)
1(1.5%)
0.019†
0.000†
0.000†
0.994†
0.003†
0.650ㅓ
Number of years spent in country of specialization:
 Lebanon
 France
 United States
 Canada
4[3 ;7]
1[0;2]
4[1;8.5]
3[2;5]
4[3;4]
3[2;4]
1[1;3]
4[2.5;4]
0.060
0.701δ
0.141δ
0.467δ
 United Kingdom 4.5[2.5;5] -  
 Other 6[2;7] 4[4;4] 1.000δ
  1. p values calculated via Pearson Chi-Square†, t test of equality meansɸ, Mann-Whitney U‡, Independent-Samples Median Testδ, Fisher’s Exact Testㅓ or as applicable. Numbers between squared brackets represents 1st and 3rd quartile around the median value. Significance set at p value <0.05