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Table 3 Mental imagery research in surgery

From: Impact of mental imagery on enhancing surgical skills learning in novice’s surgeons: a pilot study

Study Population Surgical skills Findings
Jungmann et al. 2011 [37] 40 medical students Laparoscopic knots NS
Donnon et al. 2005 [40] 42 medical students Laparoscopic suture NS
Mulla et al. 2012 [38] 41 medical students cutting a circle ON pelvi-trainer NS
Immenroth et al. 2007 [33] 98 novices surgeons LC S
Komesu et al. 2009 [41] 64 novices surgeons Cystoscopy S
Arora et al. 2011 [35] 18 novice et expert surgeons VR LC S
Vignes et al 2013 [44] 40 medical students Surgical hand-washing S
Sanders et al. 2008 [34] 65 medical students Suture on pigs’ feet S
Arora et al. 2010 [35] 20 novice’s surgeons LC S
Eldred-evans et al. 2013 [39] 64 medical students cutting a circle drawn on stretchable material S
Arora et al. 2011(b) [36] 18 novices surgeons Surgical stress IM decreases surgical stress
Conlin et al. 2016 [45] 13 ORL residents mastodectomy NS
Saab et al. 2017 [46] 20 surgeons Abdominal hysterectomy S
Geoffrion et al. (2012) [47] Junior gynecology resident Vaginal hysterectomy NS
Louridas et al. (2015) [48] Senior surgical trainees Procine laparoscopic jejunostomy S