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Table.1 Demographic data of the participants

From: Online class or flipped-jigsaw learning? Which one promotes academic motivation during the COVID-19 pandemic?

  Synchronous online class Flipped-jigsaw learning P-value
Sex n (%) Female 21 (52.5%) 23 (52.3%) 0.983
Male 19 (47.5%) 21 (47.7%)
GPA (M ± SD)   14.595 ± 1.929 16.980 ± 0.744 < 0.001
Age (M ± SD)   20.88 ± 3.164 21.27 ± 3.128 0.564