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Table 4 Predictors of Knowledge of Antimicrobial Resistance among healthcare students (n = 866)

From: Antimicrobial stewardship: Assessment of knowledge, awareness of antimicrobial resistance and appropriate antibiotic use among healthcare students in a Nigerian University

Variables Knowledge on Antimicrobial Resistance Unadjusted Odd ratio Adjusted Odd ratio
    OR (95 % CI) p-value AOR (95 % CI) p-value
  Good
n (%)
Poor
n (%)
    
Gender       
Male 242 (57.8) 177 (42.2) 1    
Female 264 (59.1) 183 (40.9) 1.05 (0.80–1.38) 0697 1.28 (0.93–1.76) 0.117
Age-group (years)       
≤ 20 (ref) 200 (49.4) 205 (5.6) 1    
21–29 299 (66.0) 154 (34.0) 1.99 (1.51–2.62) 0.001* 0.78 (0.51–1.19) 0.261
≥ 30 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5) 7.17 (0.87–58.84) 0.006 2.47 (0.28–21.26) 0.409
Department      
Nursing ref 82 (52.9) 73 (47.1) 1    
Pharmacy 154 (56.0) 121 (44.0) 1.13 (0.76–1.68) 0.536 0.90 (0.57–1.40) 0.645
Medicine and Surgery 270 (61.9) 166 (38.1) 1.44 (1.00-2.09) 0.050 1.31 (0.86–2.01) 0.205
Level of Education      
Year 1 45 (36.0) 80 (64.0) 1   1  
Year 2 56 (43.4) 73 (56.6) 1.36 (0.82–2.26) 0.228 1.31 (0.78–2.19) 0.305
Year 3 95 (50.8) 92 (49.2) 1.84 (1.15–2.92) 0.010* 1.75 (1.09–2.80) 0.021*
Year 4 134 (71.7) 53 (28.3) 4.49 (2.77–7.29) 0.001* 5.47 (3.13–9.55) 0.001*
Year 5 131 (71.2) 53 (28.8) 4.39 (2.70–7.14) 0.001* 5.42 (2.94–9.97) 0.001*
Year 6 (ref) 45 (83.3) 9 (16.7) 3.98 (3.98–19.85) 0.001* 9.29 (3.75–22.96) 0.001*
  1. CI Confidence Interval, *significance p value < 0.05