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Table 2 Respondents’ knowledge on antimicrobial resistance (n = 866)

From: Antimicrobial stewardship: Assessment of knowledge, awareness of antimicrobial resistance and appropriate antibiotic use among healthcare students in a Nigerian University

  Variable SA A U D SD
   n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
1. Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of microbes to grow in the presence of a chemical (drug) that would normally kill them or limit their growth 407 (47.0) 381 (44.0) 53(6.1) 13 (1.5) 12 (1.4)
2. It is not necessary to complete the regimen of an antibiotic to reduce the chances of the occurrence of bacteria resistance to drug 32 (3.7) 69 (8.0) 83(9.6) 282(32.6) 400 (46.2)
3. It is not necessary to use the correct dose of an antibiotic to reduce the chances of the occurrence of bacteria resistance to drug 25 (2.9) 52 (6.0) 87(10.0) 284(32.8) 418 (48.3)
4. Antimicrobial resistance cause death 213 (24.6) 337 (38.9) 225(26.0) 58 (6.7) 33 (3.8)
5. Improper self-medication can cause antimicrobial resistance 346 (40.0) 405 (46.8) 85 (9.8) 15 (1.7) 15 (1.7)
6. Antimicrobial resistance affects all age groups 334 (38.6) 405 (46.8) 102(11.8) 18 (2.1) 7(0.8)
7. Antimicrobial resistance makes it harder to eliminate infections from the body as existing drugs become less effective 401 (46.3) 364 (42.0) 77 (8.9) 16 (1.8) 8 (0.9)
8. Antimicrobial resistance can lead to spread of infections due to ineffectiveness of standard treatment 347 (40.1) 409 (47.2) 87 (10.0) 14 (1.6) 9 (1.0)
9. Antibiotics will improve the outcome of the treatment of common cold 92 (10.6) 260 (30.0) 241(27.8) 166(19.2) 107 (12.4)
10. Antibiotics will improve the outcome of the treatment of uncomplicated malaria 62 (7.2) 176 (20.3) 273(31.5) 202(23.3) 153 (17.7)
  Cut-off score Frequency n (%) Remark
  < 8 (i.e., < 80 %) 360 (41.6) Poor knowledge
  ≥ 8(i.e., ≥ 80 %) 506 (58.4) Good knowledge
  1. Maximum obtainable score = 50; % individual score = score obtained by an individual ÷ by total obtainable score x 100. Strongly agree (SA) = 5, Agree (A) = 4, Undecided (U) = 3, Disagree(D) = 2, Strongly disagree (SD) = 1. Items 2, 3, 9, 10, were negatively worded know questions, these questions were reversed scored.