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Table 4 Response frequency and means of ratings to the question: “On a scale ranging from ‘strongly disagree’ to ‘strongly agree’ how would you rate your opinion about the following statements?” among Sudanese medical students (n = 761)

From: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) for undergraduate medical students in Sudan: sources of information, knowledge about terms, skills related to EBM and attitude toward EBM in Sudan

Questions Strongly disagree Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly agree Students with EBM training Students without EBM training P – Value*
  1 2 3 4 5    
Evidence based medicine (EBM) is important for the practical work of physicians 54 (7.1 %) 33 (4.3 %) 129 (17.0 %) 248 (32.6 %) 297 (39.0 %) 3.95 ± 1.12 3.84 ± 1.31 0.9
During my studies, I would like to improve my skills in applying EBM during my practical work as a medical professional 52 (6.8 %) 41 (5.4 %) 134 (17.6 %) 239 (31.4 %) 295 (38.8 %) 3.92 ± 1.14 3.83 ± 1.27 0.7
EBM is important for patients to receive the optimal treatment 46 (6.0 %) 55 (7.2 %) 147 (19.3 %) 241 (31.7 %) 272 (35.7 %) 3.87 ± 1.11 3.74 ± 1.32 0.5
EBM facilitates decisions about individual patient’s care 46 (6.0 %) 48 (6.3 %) 181 (23.8 %) 257 (33.8 %) 229 (30.1 %) 3.78 ± 1.08 3.68 ± 1.26 0.6
EBM considers the personal expertise of physicians 61 (8.0 %) 91 (12.0 %) 268 (35.2 %) 239 (31.4 %) 102 (13.4 %) 3.32 ± 1.04 3.25 ± 1.24 0.5
EBM considers views and preferences of patients regarding their own therapy 62 (8.1 %) 112 (14.7 %) 282 (37.1 %) 205 (26.9 %) 100 (13.1 %) 3.26 ± 1.07 3.12 ± 1.20 0.088
It is important to incorporate research results into healthcare practice 58 (7.6 %) 51 (6.7 %) 165 (21.7 %) 237 (31.1 %) 250 (32.9 %) 3.78 ± 1.13 3.65 ± 1.38 0.7
All types of studies are of equal value 186 (24.4 %) 285 (37.5 %) 178 (23.4 %) 81 (10.6 %) 31 (4.1 %) 2.36 ± 1.09 2.22 ± 1.03 0.1
EBM means an unrealistic burden to health care professionals in the daily routine patient care 165 (21.7 %) 228 (30.0 %) 242 (31.8 %) 100 (13.1 %) 26 (3.4 %) 2.50 ± 1.05 2.38 ± 1.13 0.15
Textbooks are the most optimal source of information, when a question regarding the care of patients should be answered 97 (12.7 %) 196 (25.8 %) 235 (30.9 %) 179 (23.5 %) 54 (7.1 %) 2.92 ± 1.11 2.72 ± 1.16 0.016
As a future healthcare practitioner, I find life-long learning as vital 71 (9.3 %) 60 (7.9 %) 167 (21.9 %) 214 (28.1 %) 249 (32.7 %) 3.67 ± 1.23 3.66 ± 1.35 0.7
Mean Overall score       2.88 ± 0.83 2.81 ± 0.73 0.2
  1. Data were presented as Mean ± SD and number (percentage)
  2. *Statistical tests performed: Mann-Whitney U test