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Table 1 NIH Definitions of students and underrepresented populations in science and from disadvantaged backgrounds

From: Building a virtual summer research experience in cancer for high school and early undergraduate students: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic

Categories As defined by Examples of groups
Racial and ethnic groups National Science Foundation Black, African-American, Hispanic, Latinos, American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific Islanders
Individuals with disabilities Americans with Disabilities Act Visual, hearing, walking, lifting, or cognitive disabilities
Disability as defined by at least two of the following subcategories
a) Homelessness
b) Foster system
c) Eligible for free or reduced lunch
d) No parents with bachelor’s degree
e) Eligible for Pell grants
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
Administration for Children and Families
US Department of Agriculture
ED.gov
 
Disadvantaged backgrounds Grew up in rural and low income area Health Resources and Services Administration Rural Health Grants Eligibility Analyzer or Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services-designated low income and health professional shortage area