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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics for Clinical Empathy and Well-Being (N = 132)

From: The direct and indirect effects of clinical empathy on well-being among pre-medical students: a structural equation model approach

Construct Properties Mean (SD) 95% C.I.
Clinical Empathy (JSE-S Version) 20 items, a = .80, range: 20–140, 1 = Strongly disagree to 7 = Strongly agree 5.52 (.58) 5.42–5.62
 Perspective-Taking 6 items, a = .74, range: 6–42, 1 = Strongly disagree to 7 = Strongly agree 5.84 (.72) 5.72–6.97
 Compassionate Care 4 items, a = .64, range: 4–28, 1 = Strongly disagree to 7 = Strongly agree 5.89 (.86) 5.75–6.04
 Standing in Patients’ Shoes 2 items, a = .74, range: 2–14, 1 = Strongly disagree to 7 = Strongly agree 4.70 (1.25) 4.49–4.92
Depression (CES-D-10) 10 items, a = .87, range:10–40, 1 = rarely or none of the time to 4 = most or all of the time 1.93 (.64) 1.82–2.05
Burnout (MBI-SS) 14 items, a = .88, range: 0–84, 0 = strongly disagree to 6 = strongly agree 2.18 (1.08) 1.10–2.37
 Emotional Exhaustion 5 items, a = .92, 0–30, 0 = strongly disagree to 6 = strongly agree 3.27 (1.59) 2.10–3.55
 Poor Academic Efficacya 6 items, a = .83, range: 0–36, 0 = strongly disagree to6 = strongly agree 1.56 (1.12) 1.37–1.76
 Cynicism 3 items, a = .86, range: 0–18, 0 = strongly disagree to 6 = strongly agree 1.92 (1.72) 1.63–2.22
  1. aThe Academic Efficacy sub-scale was re-named “Poor Academic Efficacy” to reflect that some items were reverse-coded and so higher values reflect more burnout