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Table 1 Participant Characteristics (N = 240)

From: The future of physician advocacy: a survey of U.S. medical students

   N (%)
Year in Medical School 1 80 (33)
2 52 (22)
3 57 (24)
4+ 51 (21)
Age (years) 18–24 82 (34)
25–34 150 (62.5)
35–44 7 (2.9)
45+ 1 (0.4)
Gender Male 112 (47)
Female 127 (53)
Non-binary 1 (0.4)
Race1 American Indian or Alaska Native 3 (1.3)
Asian 68 (28.3)
Black or African American 17 (7.1)
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1 (0.4)
White 149 (62.1)
Other 16 (6.7)
Hispanic, Latino or Spanish Yes 22 (9)
No 218 (91)
Degree Program MD 197 (82)
DO 31 (13)
MD/PhD 3 (1.2)
MD/MPH 4 (1.6)
MD/MS 5 (2.1)
Geographic Region of participant school2 Midwest 28 (12)
Northeast 127 (53)
South 29 (12)
West 54 (23)
Puerto Rico and Caribbean 3 (0.1)
Anticipated future field Primary care 48 (20)
Non-primary care clinical 147 (61)
Non-clinical 4 (1.6)
Undecided 41 (17)
  1. 1 Participants were asked to select “all that apply”