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Table 3 Reasons behind students’ absence or late attendance to classroom lectures

From: Why do students skip classroom lectures: A single dental school report

Reasons for why you would be late or absent from a lecture Total Gender Academic year Academic average
Male Female 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th < 3.75 3.75–4.49 4.50–5.00
The lecture is before or after an examination N 678 678 677 668
No 387 (57.1%) 170 (56.9%) 217 (57.3%) 90 (50.0%) 66 (52.8%) 51 (56.7%) 104 (61.5%) 75 (66.4%) 31 (67.4%) 156 (62.2%) 196 (52.8%)
Yes 291 (42.9%) 129 (43.1%) 162 (42.7%) 90 (50.0%) 59 (47.2%) 39 (43.3%) 65 (38.5%) 38 (33.6%) 15 (32.6%) 95 (37.8%) 175 (47.2%)
p-value p = 0.917¥ p = 0.041¥* p = 0.025¥*
Early morning class
(8–9 am)
N 678 678 677 668
No 353 (52.1%) 130 (43.5%) 223 (58.8%) 107 (59.4%) 83 (66.4%) 50 (55.6%) 70 (41.4%) 43 (38.1%) 14 (30.4%) 120 (47.8%) 213 (57.4%)
Yes 325 (47.9%) 169 (56.5%) 156 (41.2%) 73 (40.6%) 42 (33.6%) 40 (44.4%) 99 (58.6%) 70 (61.9%) 32 (69.6%) 131 (52.2%) 158 (42.6%)
p-value p < 0.001¥* p < 0.001¥* p < 0.001¥*
Late class (3–5 pm) N 678 678 677 668
No 465 (68.6%) 212 (70.9%) 253 (66.8%) 136 (75.6%) 82 (65.6%) 51 (56.7%) 110 (65.1%) 85 (75.2%) 29 (63.0%) 161 (64.1%) 268 (72.2%)
Yes 213 (31.4%) 87 (29.1%) 126 (33.2%) 44 (24.4%) 43 (34.4%) 39 (43.3%) 59 (34.9%) 28 (24.8%) 17 (37.0%) 90 (35.9%) 103 (27.8%)
p-value p = 0.248¥ p = 0.008¥* p = 0.072¥
If I have two or more-hour break before or after class N 678 678 677 668
No 570 (84.1%) 243 (81.3%) 327 (86.3%) 146 (81.1%) 92 (73.6%) 80 (88.9%) 150 (88.8%) 101 (89.4%) 40 (87.0%) 210 (83.7%) 310 (83.6%)
Yes 108 (15.9%) 56 (18.7%) 52 (13.7%) 34 (18.9%) 33 (26.4%) 10 (11.1%) 19 (11.2%) 12 (10.6%) 6 (13.0%) 41 (16.3%) 61 (16.4%)
p-value p = 0.077¥ p = 0.001¥* p = 0.837¥
Lecture material is available on Blackboard, video, or voice recording or another source N 677 677 676 667
No 643 (95.0%) 289 (96.7%) 354 (93.7%) 163 (91.1%) 116 (92.8%) 86 (95.6%) 165 (97.6%) 112 (99.1%) 45 (97.8%) 244 (97.2%) 345 (93.2%)
Yes 34 (5.0%) 10 (3.3%) 24 (6.3%) 16 (8.9%) 9 (7.2%) 4 (4.4%) 4 (2.4%) 1 (0.9%) 1 (2.2%) 7 (2.8%) 25 (6.8%)
p-value p = 0.075¥ p = 0.006F* p = 0.064F
The lecturer is below expectation (e.g. read directly from slides, lack clarity and organisation) N 678 678 677 668
No 394 (58.1%) 181 (60.5%) 213 (56.2%) 117 (65.0%) 69 (55.2%) 52 (57.8%) 95 (56.2%) 60 (53.1%) 24 (52.2%) 158 (62.9%) 205 (55.3%)
Yes 284 (41.9%) 118 (39.5%) 166 (43.8%) 63 (35.0%) 56 (44.8%) 38 (42.2%) 74 (43.8%) 53 (46.9%) 22 (47.8%) 93 (37.1%) 166 (44.7%)
p-value p = 0.265¥ p = 0.252¥ p = 0.116¥
The lecturer is not strict about student attendance N 678 678 677 668
No 627 (92.5%) 273 (91.3%) 354 (93.4%) 172 (95.6%) 118 (94.4%) 78 (86.7%) 158 (93.5%) 100 (88.5%) 43 (93.5%) 226 (90.0%) 348 (93.8%)
Yes 51 (7.5%) 29 (8.7%) 25 (6.6%) 8 (4.4%) 7 (5.6%) 12 (13.3%) 11 (6.5%) 13 (11.5%) 3 (6.5%) 25 (10.0%) 23 (6.2%)
p-value p = 0.303¥ p = 0.036¥* p = 0.214¥
I am not interested in a specific topic N 678 678 677 668
No 567 (83.6%) 246 (82.3%) 321 (84.7%) 155 (86.1%) 116 (92.8%) 67 (74.4%) 142 (84.0%) 87 (77.0%) 40 (87.0%) 210 (83.7%) 310 (83.6%)
Yes 111 (16.4%) 53 (17.7%) 58 (15.3%) 25 (13.9%) 9 (7.2%) 23 (25.6%) 27 (16.0%) 26 (23.0%) 6 (13.0%) 41 (16.3%) 61 (16.4%)
p-value p = 0.397¥ p = 0.001¥* p = 0.903 F
I can learn the subject of the day better by spending the same time studying at home N 678 678 677 668
No 476 (70.2%) 215 (71.9%) 261 (68.9%) 100 (55.6%) 84 (67.2%) 62 (68.9%) 137 (81.1%) 93 (82.3%) 36 (78.3%) 190 (75.7%) 242 (65.2%)
Yes 202 (29.8%) 84 (28.1%) 118 (31.1%) 80 (44.4%) 41 (32.8%) 28 (31.1%) 32 (18.9%) 20 (17.7%) 10 (21.7%) 61 (24.3%) 129 (34.8%)
p-value p = 0.390¥ p < 0.001¥* p = 0.009¥*
I don’t wake up early N 678 678 677 668
No 625 (92.2%) 267 (89.3%) 358 (94.5%) 166 (92.2%) 121 (96.8%) 83 (92.2%) 151 (89.3%) 103 (91.2%) 40 (87.0%) 226 (90.0%) 350 (94.3%)
Yes 53 (7.8%) 32 (10.7%) 21 (5.5%) 14 (7.8%) 4 (3.2%) 7 (7.8%) 18 (10.7%) 10 (8.8%) 6 (13.0%) 25 (10.0%) 21 (5.7%)
p-value p = 0.013¥* p = 0.181 F p = 0.056¥
Difficulty with transportation N 678 678 677 668
No 611 (90.1%) 271 (90.6%) 340 (89.7%) 167 (92.8%) 110 (88.0%) 81 (90.0%) 147 (87.0%) 105 (92.9%) 44 (95.7%) 218 (86.9%) 342 (92.2%)
Yes 67 (9.9%) 28 (9.4%) 39 (10.3%) 13 (7.2%) 15 (12.0%) 9 (10.0%) 22 (13.0%) 8 (7.1%) 2 (4.3%) 33 (13.1%) 29 (7.8%)
p-value p = 0.688¥ p = 0.296¥ p = 0.048 F*
I don’t feel attending classes benefits me N 678 678 677 668
No 594 (87.6%) 258 (86.3%) 336 (88.7%) 144 (80.0%) 108 (86.4%) 82 (91.1%) 149 (88.2%) 110 (97.3%) 39 (84.8%) 227 (90.4%) 319 (86.0%)
Yes 84 (12.4%) 41 (13.7%) 43 (11.3%) 36 (20.0%) 17 (13.6%) 8 (8.9%) 20 (11.8%) 3 (2.7%) 7 (15.2%) 24 (9.6%) 52 (14.0%)
p-value p = 0.353¥ p < 0.001 F* p = 0.214¥
  1. ¥ Chi-square test
  2. F Fisher Exact test
  3. * Statistically significant p < 0.05