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Table 1 Means and Standard Deviations of the JSE scores before and after medical interview and Humanitude

From: The effect of Humanitude care methodology on improving empathy: a six-year longitudinal study of medical students in Japan

  Total JSE Score
Test Administration M SD t-test
Year 1 (baseline) 108.8 12.9  
Pre-test before intervention 1 (Medical Interview) 109.9 11.9 2.65**
Post-test after intervention 1 112.9 12.3
Pre-test before intervention 2 (Humanitude) 110.4 14.3 3.31***
Post-test after intervention 2 114.7 14.3
Year 5 108.4 15.0  
Year 6 109.3 14.3  
  1. Total JSE Score: F (6, 468) =5.32 p < 0.0001 d = 0.52
  2. **p < 0.01, ***p = 0.001