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Table 2 Self-assessment: change score (pre/post) after first year of participation in curriculum by program year

From: Successful implementation of a longitudinal skill-based teaching curriculum for residents

Question Program
Year
n (−) Decrease (0) No change (+) 1 (+) 2 (+) > 2 Ho: post/pre = 0
p-value
p-value*
Count % Count % Count % Count % Count %
Actively listen when student presents information 1 58 3 5.2 31 53.4 20 34.5 4 6.9 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.817
2 20 0 0.0 14 70.0 5 25.0 1 5.0 0 0.0 0.031
3 15 1 6.7 7 46.7 7 46.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.070
Ask for feedback on my teaching skills, abilities 1 58 1 1.7 21 36.2 29 50.0 6 10.3 1 1.7 < 0.0001 0.288
2 19 0 0.0 6 31.6 7 36.8 6 31.6 0 0.0 0.0002
3 15 0 0.0 5 33.3 7 46.7 3 20.0 0 0.0 0.002
Ask questions that encourage learner to think about medical issue 1 58 1 1.7 13 22.4 34 58.6 9 15.5 1 1.7 < 0.0001 0.284
2 20 1 5.0 6 30.0 12 60.0 1 5.0 0 0.0 0.010
3 15 1 6.7 4 26.7 7 46.7 3 20.0 0 0.0 0.009
Choose appropriate methods for learning material 1 58 0 0.0 26 44.8 29 50.0 2 3.4 1 1.7 < 0.0001 0.406
2 20 0 0.0 8 40.0 9 45.0 3 15.0 0 0.0 0.0005
3 17 0 0.0 6 35.3 10 58.8 1 5.9 0 0.0 0.001
Clearly communicate information about student performance during rotation 1 58 0 0.0 19 32.8 26 44.8 12 20.7 1 1.7 < 0.0001 0.518
2 20 0 0.0 5 25.0 10 50.0 5 25.0 0 0.0 0.0001
3 15 0 0.0 4 26.7 7 46.7 3 20.0 1 6.7 0.001
Coach through new procedures instead of doing them myself 1 57 0 0.0 38 66.7 13 22.8 5 8.8 1 1.8 < 0.0001 0.054
2 20 0 0.0 9 45.0 10 50.0 1 5.0 0 0.0 0.001
3 15 0 0.0 7 46.7 4 26.7 3 20.0 1 6.7 0.008
Convey expectations for learning, performance, behavior 1 58 0 0.0 14 24.1 35 60.3 9 15.5 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.764
2 20 0 0.0 4 20.0 11 55.0 5 25.0 0 0.0 < 0.0001
3 17 0 0.0 6 35.3 9 52.9 2 11.8 0 0.0 0.001
Create positive, supportive learning environment 1 58 0 0.0 31 53.4 21 36.2 6 10.3 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.574
2 20 0 0.0 14 70.0 5 25.0 1 5.0 0 0.0 0.031
3 17 1 5.9 7 41.2 8 47.1 1 5.9 0 0.0 0.076
Demonstrate interest in teaching, allot time for it 1 58 1 1.7 19 32.8 28 48.3 10 17.2 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.449
2 19 0 0.0 9 47.4 9 47.4 1 5.3 0 0.0 0.002
3 17 0 0.0 6 35.3 9 52.9 2 11.8 0 0.0 0.001
Discuss learner’s goals during the rotation 1 58 0 0.0 19 32.8 31 53.4 7 12.1 1 1.7 < 0.0001 0.682
2 20 0 0.0 3 15.0 13 65.0 3 15.0 1 5.0 < 0.0001
3 17 0 0.0 7 41.2 7 41.2 3 17.6 0 0.0 0.002
Engage in discussions about medical issues 1 58 1 1.7 22 37.9 31 53.4 4 6.9 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.571
2 20 1 5.0 12 60.0 6 30.0 1 5.0 0 0.0 0.188
3 15 0 0.0 6 40.0 6 40.0 3 20.0 0 0.0 0.004
Feel comfortable stating “I am not sure” when I do not know answer 1 58 0 0.0 41 70.7 11 19.0 6 10.3 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.035
2 20 1 5.0 17 85.0 2 10.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1.00
3 15 0 0.0 13 86.7 2 13.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.500
Give frequent, constructive feedback 1 58 1 1.7 15 25.9 31 53.4 10 17.2 1 1.7 < 0.0001 0.199
2 20 0 0.0 3 15.0 11 55.0 6 30.0 0 0.0 < 0.0001
3 15 0 0.0 4 26.7 6 40.0 4 26.7 1 6.7 0.001
Provide opportunity to observe, participate in clinically relevant procedures 1 58 0 0.0 26 44.8 27 46.6 5 8.6 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.475
2 20 0 0.0 11 55.0 5 25.0 4 20.0 0 0.0 0.004
3 15 0 0.0 8 53.3 7 46.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.016
Show support, respect for learners 1 58 0 0.0 44 75.9 13 22.4 1 1.7 0 0.0 < 0.0001 0.900
2 20 1 5.0 12 60.0 6 30.0 1 5.0 0 0.0 0.188
3 17 0 0.0 14 82.4 3 17.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.250
  1. *p-value from Wilcoxon rank-sum exact test