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Table 1 Pre-training and post-training results of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy

From: The effect of multimodal comprehensive care methodology training on oral health care professionals’ empathy for patients with dementia

   Mean Score (95% CI) P-value a Standardized Mean Difference in Change
Pre-intervention Post-intervention
Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Total Empathy N = 39 113.97 (103.84 to 124.1) 122.95 (119.77 to 126.12) P < 0.001 0.90
Male N = 12 115.50 (103.05 to 127.95) 121.75 (111.37 to 132.13) 0.07 0.55
Female N = 27 113.30 (104.19 to 122.41) 123.48 (113.8 to 133.16) P < 0.001 1.10
Dentist N = 21 114.76 (102.55 to 126.97) 122.86 (112.32 to 133.4) 0.009 0.73
Dental hygienist N = 18 113.06 (105.81 to 120.31) 123.06 (113.9 to 132.22) 0.001 1.25
Less than 11 years of experience N = 4 102 (96.9 to 107.1) 125 (113.62 to 136.38) 0.07 2.61
11–20 years of experience N = 15 114.67 (103.21 to 126.13) 125.07 (114.11 to 136.03) 0.002 0.96
21–30 years of experience N = 15 115.47 (107.03 to 122.91) 120.73 (111.69 to 129.77) 0.03 0.66
More than 30 years of experience N = 5 117 (105.53 to 128.47) 121.6 (115.74 to 127.46) 0.49 0.51
  1. a Paired-samples t-test
  2. The bold numbers are significant P-values (p < 0.05)