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Table 3 Geographical distribution of non-intercalated studies / authors and World Bank definition of countries’ incomes as a proxy of medical school resources Footnote

For the 2020 fiscal year, low-income economies are defined as those with a GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,025 or less in 2018; lower middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $1,026 and $3,995; upper middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $3,996 and $12,375; high-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,376 or more

From: Curriculum initiatives to enhance research skills acquisition by medical students: a scoping review

Country Frequency N = 94
n (%)
World Bank Income Economy Classification
United States 40 (43 %) High Income
UK 7 (7 %) High Income
Australia 5 (5 %) High Income
The Netherlands / USA 3 (3 %) High Income
Sweden 3 (3 %) High Income
Canada 3 (3 %) High Income
India 3 (3 %) Lower Middle
Germany 3 (3 %) High Income
Malaysia 3 (3 %) Upper Middle
Turkey 2 (2 %) Upper Middle
Norway 2 (2 %) High Income
Other: Argentina, Australia / USA, Chile, Croatia, Germany / Croatia, Greece / UK, India / Malaysia, International, Ireland, Ireland / Malaysia, Japan, New Zealand, Pakistan, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, UAE, West Indies 1 (1 %) Varies