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Table 4 Statistical significance of perceived difficulties with sociodemographic variables

From: Cultural competency and sensitivity in the curriculum for palliative care professionals: a survey in Switzerland

  Gender Age Profession Country of birth Canton Hospital unit Hospital mobile team Home care mobile team Outpatient
facilities
Previous training
Variable P p p p P p p P p p
Cluster I           
4) Absence of written materials in other languages (e.g., brochures, consent forms)   0.044         
5) Absence of referent individuals in cross-cultural clinical work           0.005
6) Patients’ perceptions of illness, death, treatments and the healthcare system (e.g., role of palliative care)       0.006     
7) Patient’s financial resources (e.g., body repatriation, arrival of relatives) 0.039          
8) Patients’ active involvement in decision making          0.01  
Cluster II           
10) Lack of knowledge about health and support networks for precarious patients (e.g., asylum seekers, undocumented migrants)      0.031      
15) Required efforts (e.g., time of consultation, organization)          0.004  
16) Translation by relatives    0.000 0.008 0.009 0.001 0.006 0.02   
Cluster III           
18) Collaboration with professional interpreters or colleagues providing translation         0.05   
19) Colleagues/superiors’ sensitivity to cultural diversity     0.022