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Table 4 The unstandardised and standardised estimates of direct, indirect, and total effects of academic stress, neuroticism, and emotional intelligence on the psychological distress-burnout relationship

From: The roles of emotional intelligence, neuroticism, and academic stress on the relationship between psychological distress and burnout in medical students

Parameter Independent variable Dependent variable Total (L, U) Direct (L, U) Indirect (L, U)
Unstandardised Psychological distress Burnout 0.179 (0.099, 0.276)** 0.160 (0.073, 0.258)** 0.020 (0.003, 0.055)*
Academic stress 1.470 (0.838, 2.069)** 0.781 (0.027, 1.424)* 0.689 (0.373, 1.114)**
Emotional intelligence −1.376 (−2.854, −0.091)* −1.376 (− 2.854, − 0.091)*
Neuroticism 0.447 (0.261, 0.652)** 0.447 (0.261, 0.652)**
Standardised Psychological distress Burnout 0.386 (0.214, 0.557)** 0.344 (0.141, 0.525)** 0.042 (0.009, 0.113)*
Academic stress 0.316 (0.173, 0.429)** 0.168 (0.006, 0.300)* 0.148 (0.085, 0.231)**
Emotional intelligence −0.176 (−0.376, −0.014)* −0.176 (− 0.376, − 0.014)*
Neuroticism 0.283 (0.184, 0.378)** 0.283 (0.184, 0.378)**
  1. Note. Bootstrap (1000) with 95% bias-corrected confidence interval: L = lower bound; U = upper bound;
  2. **p-value < 0.01; *p-value < 0.05