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Table 3 Bivariate analyses regarding perception of the entry-level doctoral degree causing more harm to the PA profession

From: A physician assistant entry-level doctoral degree: more harm than good?

  Disagree Neutral Agree χ2 (df) p
n % n % n %
Sex
 Female 97 22.4 66 15.2 270 62.4 4.56 (2) .10
 Male 60 30.3 28 14.1 110 55.6   
Hispanic/Latinx
 Yes 15 31.9 5 10.6 27 57.4 1.60 (2) .45
 No 144 24.6 89 15.2 353 60.2   
Race
 Black/African American 10 25.6 13 33.3 16 41.0 12.07 (2) .00
 Non-Black/non-African American 149 25.1 81 13.6 364 61.3   
Educational attainment
 Master’s degree or lower 130 22.6 88 15.3 356 62.0 19.98 (2) .00
 Doctorate degree 29 49.2 6 10.2 24 40.7   
Occupationa
 Student 23 21.1 8 7.3 78 71.6 8.60 (2) .01
 PA clinician 136 26.0 85 16.3 302 57.7   
Length of practice as PAb
  < 5 years 30 17.4 32 18.6 110 64.0 9.57 (2) .01
  ≥ 5 years 106 30.0 54 15.3 193 54.7   
To be required
 Disagree 47 10.3 57 12.5 351 77.1 242.54 (2) .00
 Agree 87 77.7 17 15.2 8 7.1   
To be offered but not be required
 Disagree 32 14.5 10 4.5 179 81.0 86.87 (2) .00
 Agree 121 35.7 77 22.7 141 22.7   
Feasibility of transition
 Not feasible 0 0.0 1 0.8 127 99.2 102.35 (2) .00
 Feasible 159 31.5 92 18.3 253 50.2   
Negative impact to the PA-physician relationship
 Disagree 108 60.3 26 14.5 45 25.1 198.72 (2) .00
 Agree 19 6.0 29 9.2 268 84.8   
Negative impact to the availability of clinical training sites
 Disagree 90 62.1 21 14.5 34 23.4 167.43 (2) .00
 Agree 31 9.3 30 9.0 272 81.7   
  1. Note. aOther than students or PA clinicians (faculty, hospital administrator, higher education administrator, PA leader, and non-PA clinician) were excluded based on the distribution
  2. bCurrent students and non-PAs were excluded for data analytical purpose