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Table 5 Student’s perceived satisfaction on wire-bending demonstration after first (T0) and last (T1) wire-bending tasks (Lower scores indicate higher satisfaction)

From: The effect of live demonstration and flipped classroom with continuous formative assessment on dental students’ orthodontic wire-bending performance

Feedback section Time Cohort Mean (SD) N = 20 p-value
Infrastructure and materials provided T0 LD 2.5 (1.1) 0.303^
FC 2.5 (0.6)
T1 LD 2.9 (0.9) 0.000^
FC 1.8 (0.6)
Demonstration method (live / video) T0 LD 1.8 (0.6) 0.000*
FC 2.8 (0.8)
T1 LD 2.0 (0.6) 0.003*
FC 2.7 (0.7)
Teaching method T0 LD 2.0 (0.6) 0.708^
FC 1.9 (0.5)
T1 LD 2.0 (0.6) 0.466^
FC 2.2 (0.6)
Wire-bending task T0 LD 2.3 (0.8) 0.005*
FC 3.0 (0.6)
T1 LD 2.6 (0.7) 0.436^
FC 2.8 (0.6)
Efficiency of lecturer and technician during the classroom activity T0 LD 1.7 (0.5) 0.750^
FC 1.7 (0.6)
T1 LD 1.8 (0.4) 0.198^
FC 1.6 (0.5)
Overall T0 LD 1.9 (0.5) 0.367^
FC 2.0 (0.5)
T1 LD 1.9 (0.3) 0.011^
FC 2.4 (0.7)
  1. * Independent t-test, ^ Mann-Whitney U test