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Table 5 Qualitative and Quantitative Outcome Measures of the Curricula

From: A systematic scoping review of approaches to teaching and assessing empathy in medicine

Quantitative outcomes Studies that displayed this outcome
Quantitative increase in overall empathy levels after intervention as measured by the respective tool used [1,2,3,4, 6, 8, 9, 11,12,13, 15,16,17, 19, 38,40,40, 42,44,45,45, 47,49,50,50, 52,54,55,56,57,58,58, 60,62,63,64,65,65, 67,69,70,70, 72,74,75,75, 77, 83, 84, 88, 90, 91, 94,96,96, 98,100,101,101, 104,106,107,108,108, 110,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,125, 130, 133, 134, 137,139,139, 141, 146, 143,146,147,147]
Quantitative decrease in empathy levels after intervention [1, 3, 61, 67, 80, 97, 106, 113, 135, 139]
No statistically significant change in empathy levels after intervention [2, 5, 10,11,12, 51, 61, 69, 71, 79,81,81, 84, 85, 89, 97, 104, 106, 109, 110, 112, 127, 128, 132, 133, 135, 142, 148, 149, 151, 152]
Qualitative outcome Studies
Participant feedback suggested an improvement in empathy [102]
Participants understood patient perspectives better [5, 7, 57, 59]
The intervention helped with professional identity building [55, 59, 122]
Participants valued empathy more [5, 105]
Participants were better able to decode facial expression of emotion [45]
Participants had a greater tendency to see patients’ emotions [51, 103]
Participants developed better general observational skills [5, 55]
Patients felt more understood and cared for [19]