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Table 3 Results of multiple regression analyses testing the relation between IAT D-scores and gender, position specialty, corrected for region and age

From: Implicit gender-career bias in postgraduate medical training still exists, mainly in residents and in females

  Multiple regression analysis
B (95% CI) p-value
Gender:   0.01
 Female 0.11 (0.02; 0.19)  
 Male reference  
Position:   0.03
 Resident 0.12 (0.01; 0.23)  
 Clinical trainer reference  
Specialty:   0.96
 Surgicala 0.00 (−0.08; 0.08)  
 Non-surgicalb reference  
Region:   0.03
 Southeast 0.08 (0.01; 0.16)  
 Northeast reference  
Age 0.01 (0.00; 0.01) 0.04
  1. Note
  2. aSurgical specialties included general surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, plastic surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, urology, ear-nose-throat, maxillofacial surgery, ophthalmology and obstetrics & gynecology
  3. bNon-surgical specialties included cardiology, internal medicine, respiratory medicine, emergency medicine, pediatrics, intensive care medicine, neurology, dermatology, rheumatology, psychiatry, rehabilitation medicine, sport medicine, anesthesiology, pathology, radiology, radiotherapy, medical microbiology and clinical geriatrics
  4. Significant p-value (p < 0.05)
  5. Model R square = 0.034