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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odds ratios (and 95 % confidence intervals) from logistic regression analyses for identifying associations between question, sex, and age

From: The role of undergraduate medical students training in respect for patient confidentiality

  Crude odds ratio Adjusted odds ratio
  Sex
(ref = Female)
Sex + Age
(ref = Female)
  Sex p Sex p Age p
Q1. Right to privacy 1.05 (0.60–1.83) 0.859 1.04 (0.60–1.82) 0.885 1.01 (0.94–1.10) 0.727
Q2. Obligation of confidentiality 2.08 (1.05–4.35) 0.042* 2.16 (1.09–4.56) 0.034* 0.96 (0.88–1.04) 0.276
Q3. Commitment to confidentiality 0.97 (0.48–2.01) 0.931 0.93 (0.46–1.94) 0.839 1.10 (0.97–1.36) 0.286
Q4. Student knows the tutor 1.24 (0.75–2.06) 0.400 1.24 (0.75–2.06) 0.402 1.00 (0.93–1.08) 0.998
Q5. Wearing an identification tag 0.88 (0.53–1.46) 0.615 0.84 (0.51–1.40) 0.506 1.08 (1.00-1.21) 0.110
Q6. Negative consequences 1.81 (0.49–6.40) 0.353 1.94 (0.52–6.94) 0.303 0.84 (0.53–1.14) 0.421
Q7. Patient knows you are a student 1.21 (0.73–2.01) 0.471 1.19 (0.72–1.99) 0.496 1.04 (0.97–1.11) 0.303
Q8. More than 4 students 0.96 (0.59–1.57) 0.868 0.95 (0.58–1.56) 0.839 1.05 (0.95–1.16) 0.361
Q9. Access to patient EMR 1.78 (1.02–3.16) 0.045* 1.75 (1.00-3.12) 0.052 1.03 (0.95–1.13) 0.519
Q10. Consent of the patient to access 0.80 (0.34–1.79) 0.598 0.72 (0.30–1.64) 0.445 1.11 (1.00-1.27) 0.068
Q11. Access to patients dissociated CH 0.89 (0.54–1.47) 0.657 0.88 (0.53–1.45) 0.624 1.03 (0.95–1.12) 0.624
Q12. Non-anonymized photocopies 1.15 (0.67–1.97) 0.616 1.15 (0.67–1.98) 0.609 1.00 (0.92–1.07) 0.899
Q13. Consent of the patient to have photocopies 1.17 (0.40–3.23) 0.770 0.79 (2.28–2.39) 0.686 1.33 (1.07–1.73) 0.024
Q14.Anonymisation for FYP 1.50 (0.82–2.85) 0.198 1.49(0.81–2.84) 0.207 1.01 (0.93–1.12) 0.817
  1. *p value: p < 0.05; Ref: reference group