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Table 4 Knowledge regarding risk factors of breast cancer (n = 301)

From: Knowledge of breast cancer among medical students in Syrian Private University, Syria: a cross-sectional study

    T (N = 301) F (N = 122) M (N = 179) Chi-square P-value
Early puberty No N (%) 140 (46.5) 55 (45.1) 85 (47.5) 0.1685 .681
Yes N (%) 161 (53.5) 67 (54.9) 94 (52.5)
Late menopause No N (%) 123 (40.9) 57 (46.7) 66 (36.9) 2.9128 .087
Yes N (%) 178 (59.1) 65 (53.3) 113 (63.1)
Oral contraceptives No N (%) 72 (23.9) 28 (23.0) 44 (24.6) 0.1059 .744
Yes N (%) 229 (76.1) 94 (77.0) 135 (75.4)
Postmenopausal estrogens No N (%) 52 (17.3) 20(16.4) 32(17.9) 0.1117 .738
Yes N (%) 249 (82.7) 102 (83.6) 147 (82.1)
history of trauma on the breast No N (%) 140 (46.5) 52 (42.6) 88 (49.2) 1.247 .264
Yes N (%) 161 (53.5) 70 (57.4) 91 (50.8)
History of benign tumors No N (%) 115(38.2) 44 (36.1) 71 (39.7) 0.3981 .528
Yes N (%) 186 (61.8) 78 (63.9) 108 (60.3)
History of Inflammatory disease of the breast No N (%) 89 (29.6) 41 (33.6) 48 (26.8) 1.6066 .204
Yes N (%) 212 (70.4) 81 (66.4) 131 (73.2)
Alcoholic No N (%) 170 (56.5) 70 (57.4) 100 (55.9) 0.0674 .795
Yes N (%) 131 (43.5) 52 (42.6) 79 (44.1)
Smoking No N (%) 112 (37.2) 48 (39.3) 64 (35.8) 0.4002 .526
Yes N (%) 189 (62.8) 74 (60.7) 115 (64.2)
Aging No N (%) 60 (19.9) 25 (20.5) 35 (19.6) 0.0401 .841
Yes N (%) 241 (80.1) 97 (79.5) 144 (80.4)
Weight gain (BMI > 25) No N (%) 140 (46.5) 50 (41.0) 90 (50.3) 2.5199 .112
Yes N (%) 161 (53.5) 72 (59.0) 89 (49.7)