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Table 2 General knowledge regarding breast cancer (n = 301)

From: Knowledge of breast cancer among medical students in Syrian Private University, Syria: a cross-sectional study

    T (N = 301) F (N = 122) M (N = 179) Chi-square P-value
Do you know any breast cancer screening methods? No N (%) 28 (9.3) 7 (5.7) 21 (11.7) 3.0897 .078
Yes N (%) 273 (90.7) 115 (94.3) 158 (88.3%)
Do you know what mammograms are? No N (%) 132 (43.9) 61 (50.0) 71 (39.7) 3.1474 .076
Yes N (%) 169 (56.1) 61 (50.0) 108 (60.3)
Every woman over the age of 40 needs to have a mammogram at least every two years No N (%) 15 (5.0) 6 (4.9) 9 (5.0) 0.0019 .965
Yes N (%) 286 (95.0) 116 (95.1) 170 (95.0)
One in eight women will develop breast cancer at one point in their lives No N (%) 79 (95.0) 35 (28.7) 44 (24.6) 0.6324 .426
Yes N (%) 222 (73.8) 87 (71.3) 135 (75.4)
Women at the age of 50 are more likely to have breast cancer than young women No N (%) 64 (21.3) 25 (20.5) 39 (21.8) 0.0728 .787
Yes N (%) 237 (78.7) 97 (79.5) 140 (78.2)
Stress has been shown to contribute to breast cancer No N (%) 125 (41.5) 44 (36.1) 81 (45.3) 2.5211 .112
Yes N (%) 176 (58.5) 78 (63.9) 98 (54.7)
Family history has a role in increasing the incidence No N (%) 23 (7.6) 8 (6.6) 15 (8.4) 0.3415 .558
Yes N (%) 278 (92.4) 114 (93.4) 164(91.6)
The incidence of breast cancer and ovarian cancer in the same family is an indicator of a genetic basis of disease No N (%) 35 (11.6) 13 (10.7) 22(12.3) 0.1887 .664
Yes N (%) 266 (88.4) 109 (89.3) 157 (87.7)
Increasing in the breast size is an indicator of the likelihood of incidence No N (%) 151 (50.2) 67 (54.9) 84 (46.9) 1.853 .173
Yes N (%) 150 (49.8) 55 (45.1) 95 (53.1)
Is parental breastfeeding related to the possibility of incidence No N (%) 212 (70.4) 89 (73.0) 123 (68.7) 0.625 .429
Yes N (%) 89 (29.6) 33 (27.0) 56 (31.3)
Is exercise related to the possibility of incidence No N (%) 251 (83.4) 101 (82.8) 150 (83.8) 0.0536 .816
Yes N (%) 50 (16.6) 21 (17.2) 29 (16.2)
Chemotherapy is always the provided treatment No N (%) 217 (72.1) 90 (73.8) 127 (70.9) 0.2869 .592
Yes N (%) 84 (27.9) 32 (26.2) 52 (29.1)
Is there a relationship between the development of cancer and trauma to the breast No N (%) 144 (47.8) 50 (41.0) 94 (52.5) 3.8655 .049
Yes N (%) 157 (52.2) 72 (59.0) 85 (59.0)
Does trauma to the breast during intercourse have a role in the occurrence of cancer No N (%) 209 (69.4) 82 (67.2) 127 (70.9) 0.4773 .489
Yes N (%) 92 (30.6) 40 (32.8) 52 (29.1)
Can a tight bra increase the incidence of breast cancer? No N (%) 119 (39.5) 47 (38.5) 72 (40.2) 0.0876 .767
Yes N (%) 182 (60.5) 75 (61.5) 107 (59.8)
What is the most commonplace for proximal breast cancer metastases? Armpit N (%) 291 (96.7) 118 (96.7) 173 (96.6) 0.0012 .972
neck N (%) 9 (3.0) 3 (2.5) 6 (3.4) −0.447 0.655
Supraclavicular N (%) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.8) 0(0.0) −0.827 0.408