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Table 3 Inferences of testing validity [12] applied to VOSCE

From: Undertaking a high stakes virtual OSCE (“VOSCE”) during Covid-19

Inference Descriptiona Application to VOSCE
Scoring translating an observation into one or more scores Use of marking checklists
Generalisation using the score [s] as a reflection of performance in a test setting Scores reflected the knowledge and performance, not the virtual technical skills
Implication applying the score [s] to inform a decision or action Standard setting to set the pass-mark
Extrapolation using the score [s] as a reflection of real-world performance Standard setting using the anchor statement of minimally competent Foundation Year 1 doctor
  1. adescriptions derived from [12]