Skip to main content

Table 2 Average total scores on Attitude Toward Implicit Bias Instrument by demographic characteristics and year in medical school. Students completed the instrument between 2015 and 2018 in New York, USA

From: Validity evidence for a novel instrument assessing medical student attitudes toward instruction in implicit bias recognition and management

Variable Year Category N Mean s.d.
Latino/a/x 1st Latino/a/x 52 92.6 9.8
1st Not Latino/a/x 646 90.8 10.8
3rd Latino/a/x 16 87.6 13.2
3rd Not Latino/a/x 286 87.7 13.1
Race 1st African American/Black 25 94.5 6.7
1st Asian/South Asian/Pacific Islander 217 93.9 9.6
1st White 408 89.2 11.0
1st Mixed 39 91.0 11.9
1st Other 11 89.4 9.8
3rd African American/Black 11 89.9 15.0
3rd Asian/South Asian/Pacific Islander 69 86.3 11.5
3rd White 225 86.5 13.3
3rd Mixed 4 83.3 16.3
3rd Other 13 82.8 12.5
Gender 1st Female 338 93.3 9.4
1st Male 358 88.7 11.4
1st Other 4 97.0 7.8
3rd Female 171 90.5 12.1
3rd Male 194 84.3 13.2
Orientation 1st Bisexual 20 96.3 8.2
1st Heterosexual 602 90.4 10.9
1st Homosexual 31 93.0 10.1
1st Queer 7 98.6 7.3
1st Other 36 93.9 7.6
3rd Bisexual 8 91.3 14.9
3rd Heterosexual 283 89.6 13.0
3rd Homosexual 20 89.6 8.8
3rd Queer 5 100.0 5.1
3rd Other 27 89.5 13.2
3rd (Missing) 24 80.7 13.4
Age 1st < 25 579 90.7 10.7
1st 25–30 101 91.7 11.1
1st > 30 19 94.1 8.7
3rd < 25 88 87.7 12.0
3rd 25–30 259 87.4 13.3
3rd > 30 16 81.9 14.1