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Table 4 Effect of the 360° VR video on obtained CS knowledge for the 360° VR video-group as compared to conventional education group

From: Use of 360° virtual reality video in medical obstetrical education: a quasi-experimental design

  360° VR video-group Conventional education Difference Difference, adjusted p
gCS specific questions (min and max scores)
 Total (0–110) 74.6 73.6 0.91 (−3.28 to 5.11) 0.92 (−3.54 to 5.39) 0.66/0.68
 Procedure (0–50) 35.0 34.9 −0.15 (−2.40 to 2.10) −0.42 (−2.80 to 1.96) 0.89/0.73
 Organization (0–20) 11.6 11.4 − 0.25 (− 2.2 to 1.68) 0.07 (− 2.02 to 2.16) 0.80/0.95
 Situation (0–40) 28.4 27.0 1.32 (−1.12 to 3.75) 1.27(−1.40 to 3.95) 0.28/0.35
General obstetric knowledge (Multiple choice questions (0–10) 6.63 6.67 −0.033 (−.613 to 0.55) − 0.081 (− 0.73 to 0.57) 0.91/0.80
Grade internship Obstetics & gynecology (1–10) 7.75 7.83 −0.08 (−.33 to .16) −.142 (− 0.41 to 0.12) 0.49/0.28
  1. Note: M=mean, Mean difference = (experimental – control), adj. M = mean adjusted for possible confounding factors (e.g. level of ambition to pursue a career in gynaecology, number of CS attended before and during the residency, grade of previous residency and if they practiced VGT MC questions before), b = regression coefficient, 95%CI = 95% confidence interval, p = p value of the b, a = adjusted for possible confounding factors