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Table 2 360° VR video experience among students in the 360° VR video group

From: Use of 360° virtual reality video in medical obstetrical education: a quasi-experimental design

  Strongly disagree
N (%)
−3
Disagree
N (%)
−2
Slightly disagree
N (%)
− 1
Neutral
N (%)
0
Slightly agree
N (%)
1
Agree
N (%)
2
Strongly agree
N (%)
3
M (SD)
1. I found watching the VR video an inspiring experience. 1 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 4 (7.5) 10 (18.9) 25 (47.2) 12 (22.6) 1.74 (1.15)
2. Watching the VR video contributed to my learning experience/increased my knowledge, about the gentle caesarean section. 1 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (5.7) 12 (22.6) 26 (49.1) 11 (20.8) 1.77 (1.05)
3. In comparison with normal/2D videos I was more actively involved while watching the VR video. 1 (1.9) 2 (3.8) 2 (3.8) 8 (15.1) 9 (17.0) 19 (35.8) 12 (22.6) 1.40 (1.45)
4. Watching the VR video was useful. 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 13 (24.5) 30 (56.6) 10 (18.9) 1.94 (0.66)
5. This method of teaching, the VR video, should be used in future CTCs or residencies. 1 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 6 (11.3) 10 (18.9) 22 (41.5) 13 (24.5) 1.68 (1.21)
6. This method of teaching, watching the VR video, was enjoyable. 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 1 (1.9) 4 (7.5) 8 (15.1) 25 (47.2) 14 (26.4) 1.83 (1.09)
7. I would like to use this teaching method, the VR video, to prepare for future surgical procedures. 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 2 (3.8) 3 (5.7) 6 (11.3) 24 (45.3) 17 (32.1) 1.91 (1.15)
8. The HMD was easy to use. 1 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 2 (3.8) 6 (11.3) 27 (50.9) 16 (30.2) 1.96 (1.11)
9. I did experience nausea, dizziness, or headache while viewing the VR video. 10 (18.9) 12 (22.6) 1 (1.9) 5 (9.4) 13 (24.5) 8 (15.1) 4 (7.5) −0.26 (2.04)
10. I found the HMD comfortable to wear. 0 (0.0) 9 (17.0) 6 (11.3) 8 (15.1) 11 (20.8) 14 (26.4) 5 (9.4) 0.57 (1.62)
11. I found the quality of the videos and the audio to be excellent. 0 (0.0) 6 (11.3) 3 (5.7) 5 (9.4) 16 (30.2) 17 (32.1) 6 (11.3) 1.00 (1.47)
12. I could look around the operating room comfortably, without any discomfort. 0 (0.0) 2 (3.8) 4 (7.5) 4 (7.5) 8 (15.1) 28 (52.8) 7 (13.2) 1.45 (1.26)
13. I want to see more medical education VR videos. 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9) 2 (3.8) 3 (5.7) 10 (18.9) 21 (39.6) 16 (30.2) 1.81 (1.16)
  1. Note: Depending on the level of agreement scores were assigned ranging from − 3 for strongly disagree, via 0 for neutral, to + 3 for strongly agree. Mean scores were calculated from this number, suggesting positive numbers for a positive association, and negative numbers for a negative association. N(%) number of participants and percentage, M computed mean score, SD Standard deviation