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Table 1 Participant demographics and baseline test data

From: How supervision and educational supports impact medical students’ preparation for future learning of endotracheal intubation skills: a non-inferiority experimental trial

Characteristic Unsupervised, Supported (N = 17) Supervised, Supported (N = 18) Unsupervised, Unsupported (N = 18) Statistics
Male/Female 9/8 9/9 7/11
Training level Pre-clerk, N = 10
Clerk, N = 5
PGY1, N = 2
Pre-clerk, N = 10
Clerk, N = 6
PGY1, N = 2
Pre-clerk, N = 12
Clerk, N = 4
PGY1, N = 2
Intubations performed on real patients 2.12 ± 3.41 2.94 ± 4.09 1.94 ± 3.08 F(2,50) = 0.41, p = 0.67
Intubations performed on simulators 3.71 ± 2.97 5.00 ± 4.85 5.22 ± 3.86 F(2,50) = 0.73, p = 0.49
Intubations observed on real patients 6.82 ± 6.16 9.50 ± 10.19 8.94 ± 8.30 F(2,50) = 0.49, p = 0.62
Intubations observed on simulators 4.29 ± 3.06 4.83 ± 3.67 5.22 ± 4.76 F(2,50) = 0.25, p = 0.78
Self-reported motivation to learn today (0–10) 7.59 ± 1.50 7.78 ± 1.59 8.39 ± 1.46 F(2,50) = 1.34, p = 0.27
Self-reported baseline experience (0–10); 2.18 ± 1.88 2.50 ± 1.86 2.78 ± 1.93 F(2,50) = 0.44, p = 0.64
Baseline test performance (GRS) 2.09 ± 0.60 2.37 ± 0.91 2.14 ± 0.76 F(2,50) = 0.66, p = 0.52
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