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Table 2 Medical student characteristics by tertile of composite moral distress score

From: Moral distress and burnout in caring for older adults during medical school training

Characteristicsn with dataAllLowest Tertilea of Composite Moral Distress
(0–17)
Middle Tertilea of Composite Moral Distress
(18–35)
Highest Tertilea of Composite Moral Distress
(36–95)
p-value
Year in Medical School199    < 0.01
 Mid-Major Clinical
Year(n, %)
 57 (29%)38 (62%)18 (26%)1 (1%) 
 Post-Major Clinical
Year (n, %)
 142 (71%)23 (38%)51 (74%)68 (99%) 
Age (median, IQR)19726 (25–28)26 (24–27)26 (25–27)27 (25–28)0.08
Female gender (n, %)205121 (59%)33 (49%)40 (58%)48 (71%)0.03
Race/Ethnicity (n, %)202    0.90
 Non-Hispanic White 122 (60%)38 (56%)40 (60%)44 (66%) 
 Non-Hispanic Black 12 (6%)4 (6%)4 (6%)4 (6%) 
 Hispanic 17 (8%)7 (10%)6 (9%)4 (6%) 
 East Asian 26 (13%)10 (15%)9 (13%)7 (11%) 
 Indian Subcontinent 10 (5%)2 (3%)3 (4%)5 (7%) 
 Other 15 (7%)7 (10%)5 (7%)3 (5%) 
Religion is moderately or very important in daily life (n, %)20550 (24%)16 (24%)19 (28%)15 (22%)0.74
Experience caring for older adults in a clinical setting209    < 0.01
 Little or none (n, %) 51 (24%)26 (37%)17 (24%)8 (12%) 
 Some (n, %) 135 (65%)40 (57%)46 (66%)49 (71%) 
 A lot (n, %) 23 (11%)4 (6%)7 (10%)12 (17%) 
Present for hospitalization of elderly relative (n, %)209124 (59%)35 (50%)45 (64%)44 (64%)0.15
Very close relationship with elderly relatives or non-relatives (n, %)19878 (39%)25 (38%)26 (39%)27 (41%)0.94
UCLA Geriatrics Attitude Scale Score (median, IQR) (range 1–5, 5 most positive)2083.7 (3.4–4.0)3.6 (3.1–3.9)3.7 (3.4–4.0)3.8 (3.4–4.1)0.05
  1. aTertile 1 ranges from 0 to 11 (n = 70), tertile 2 ranges from 18 to 35 (n = 70), tertile 3 ranges from 36 to 95, (n = 69)