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Table 4 Broader aspects of patient safety and comfort in speaking up about patient safety

From: Self-reported confidence in patient safety competencies among Chinese nursing students: a multi-site cross-sectional survey

Undergraduate nursing students (n = 732)Mean (SD)Agree/strong agree
Broader aspects of patient safety3.80(0.63)52071.07
As a student, the scope of what was “safe” for me to do in the practice setting was very clear to me3.86(0.77)53973.70
There is consistency in how patient safety issues were dealt with by different preceptors in the clinical setting3.36(0.97)34346.90
I had sufficient opportunity to learn and interact with members of interdisciplinary teams3.57(0.94)45261.80
I gained a solid understanding that reporting adverse events and close calls can lead to change and can reduce reoccurrence of events4.08(0.73)61984.50
Patient safety was well integrated into the overall program3.80(0.78)52171.20
Clinical aspects of patient safety (e.g. hand hygiene, transferring patients, medication safety] were well covered in our program4.02(0.74)61083.40
“System” aspects of patient safety were well covered in our program3.89(0.76)55676.00
Comfort in speaking up about patient safety3.51(0.62)40655.50
In clinical settings, discussion around adverse events focuses mainly on system-related issues, rather than focusing on the individual (s) most responsible for the event3.70(0.83)47765.10
In clinical settings, reporting a patient safety problem will result in negative repercussions for the person reporting it3.30(1.03)35748.80
If I see someone engaging in unsafe care practice in the clinical setting, I feel safe to approach them3.45(0.77)32844.80
It is difficult to question the decisions or actions of those with more authority3.36(0.93)34447.00
If I make a serious error, I worry that I will face disciplinary action.3.76(0.92)52671.80