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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants (n = 732)

From: Self-reported confidence in patient safety competencies among Chinese nursing students: a multi-site cross-sectional survey

Variablen (%)In the classroomIn the clinical practiceBroader aspects of patient safetyComfort in speaking up about patient safety.
Total scorest /F valueTotal scorest /F valueTotal scorest /F valueTotal scorest /F value
Gender
 Male60(8.20)78.62 ± 12.69−0.3478.42 ± 14.08−0.0726.52 ± 4.97−0.1017.58 ± 3.500.11
 Female672(91.80)79.11 ± 10.4378.52 ± 10.4426.57 ± 4.3317.54 ± 3.09
The only-child
 Yes143(19.60)81.75 ± 10.633.39*81.47 ± 11.363.70*27.50 ± 4.572.73*17.84 ± 3.121.28
 No589(80.40)78.41 ± 10.5377.79 ± 10.5226.34 ± 4.3117.47 ± 3.12
Prior experience of patient safety education
 Yes583(79.70)80.14 ± 10.255.52*79.50 ± 10.414.99*26.95 ± 4.174.76*17.54 ± 3.18−0.03
 No149(20.30)74.85 ± 11.0774.62 ± 11.3325.06 ± 4.8717.55 ± 2.92
The safety learning methods
 Self-study
  No561(76.60)78.23 ± 10.67−3.90*77.76 ± 10.85−3.43*26.24 ± 4.34−3.75*17.39 ± 3.02−2.32*
  Yes171(23.40)81.81 ± 10.0480.96 ± 10.2027.66 ± 4.3718.02 ± 3.42
 Theoretical study in Classroom
  Yes526(71.90)76.24 ± 10.55−4.55*75.76 ± 10.83−4.36*25.40 ± 4.82−4.24*17.45 ± 3.13−.465
  No206(28.10)80.17 ± 10.4679.58 ± 10.5727.02 ± 4.1217.57 ± 3.12
 Clinical training
  Yes470(64.20)77.12 ± 10.83−3.72*76.88 ± 11.13−3.06*25.74 ± 4.84−3.85*17.36 ± 3.09−1.13
  No262(35.80)80.15 ± 10.3779.41 ± 10.4827.03 ± 4.0417.64 ± 3.14
 Experience of adverse events
  Yes156(21.30)76.90 ± 10.96−2.95*76.52 ± 11.12−2.68*25.75 ± 4.23−2.88*17.55 ± 2.81−0.15
  No576(78.70)79.72 ± 10.3879.11 ± 10.5526.85 ± 4.2517.59 ± 3.12
 Disclosing behavior
  Yes690(94.30)79.64 ± 10.482.12*79.06 ± 10.661.6426.90 ± 4.101.2517.65 ± 3.02−0.39
  No42(5.60)75.74 ± 12.2475.98 ± 12.4125.74 ± 5.4017.86 ± 3.19
 Self-assessment patient safety competence
  Very well66(9.00)81.71 ± 13.3214.96*81.60 ± 13.6013.20*27.95 ± 5.618.43*18.31 ± 3.841.13
  Well293(40.00)81.96 ± 10.2381.26 ± 10.4927.51 ± 4.4317.49 ± 3.54
  moderate348(47.50)76.77 ± 9.2176.22 ± 9.5625.64 ± 3.7117.41 ± 2.61
  Poor21(2.90)73.10 ± 11.4872.71 ± 8.9125.24 ± 4.3917.86 ± 2.29
  Very poor4(0.50)55.50 ± 16.3458.25 ± 12.8223.00 ± 11.0518.25 ± 2.36
 Regions
  Fujian161(22.00)76.03 ± 10.895.80*75.33 ± 11.147.25*24.61 ± 4.9611.96*16.60 ± 3.023.96*
  Guangxi76(10.40)76.84 ± 9.0174.93 ± 8.7125.26 ± 3.3917.49 ± 2.79
  Guizhou89(12.20)78.66 ± 9.2978.20 ± 9.7226.98 ± 3.9918.01 ± 3.27
  Heilongjian125(17.10)82.02 ± 11.2982.06 ± 11.0728.26 ± 4.3218.07 ± 3.32
  Hunan114(15.60)80.57 ± 9.2380.30 ± 9.1127.04 ± 3.3917.79 ± 2.51
  Shanxi106(14.50)78.80 ± 9.4178.93 ± 10.1026.87 ± 3.9617.39 ± 2.82
  Xinjiang61(8.40)82.14 ± 13.8680.51 ± 13.5927.95 ± 4.7018.12 ± 4.13
  1. *p < 0.01