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Table 3 Knowledge regarding antibiotic therapy for infections according to the study factors

From: Knowledge regarding antibiotic use among students of three medical schools in Medellin, Colombia: a cross-sectional study

  Upper respiratory infection
Me (IQR)
Pneumonia
Me (IQR)
UTI
Me (IQR)
Skin and soft tissue infection
Me (IQR)
Academic termBasic46.4 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–58.3)57.1 (42.9–66.7)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
Clinical areas42.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)66.7 (44.4–77.8)
Internship46.4 (39.3–53.6)50.0 (50.0–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
P value0.5490.0510.001**0.002**
UniversityU142.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–58.3)57.1 (42.9–66.7)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
U242.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (50.0–66.7)61.9 (52.4–66.7)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
U346.4 (39.3–53.6)50.0 (50.0–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)66.7 (44.4–77.8)
P value0.1150.1000.000**0.002**
Knowing when to initiate antibiotic treatmentNo46.4 (39.3–50.0)58.3 (50.0–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
Yes42.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–66.7)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
P value0.5350.3230.4810.109
Selecting the antibiotics for each infectionNo46.4 (39.3–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
Yes–42.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–66.7)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
P value0.5740.4560.6930.234
Understanding the basic resistance mechanismsNo46.4 (39.4–53.6)58.3 (50.0–66.7)61.9 (57.1–71.4)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
Yes42.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)57.1 (47.6–66.7)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
P value0.1070.028*0.041*0.804
Interpreting antibiogramsNo46.4 (39.3–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
Yes42.9 (35.7–53.6)50.0 (41.7–58.3)57.1 (47.6–66.7)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
P value0.9090.1070.0550.002**
Finding reliable sources of informationNo46.4 (39.3–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–66.7)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
Yes42.9 (39.3–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (47.6–66.7)66.7 (44.4–77.8)
P value0.3840.5150.3930.691
Switching from IV to oral antibioticsNo42.9 (39.3–50.0)50.0 (50.0–66.7)61.9 (52.4–71.4)66.7 (44.4–77.8)
Yes42.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–58.3)57.1 (47.6–66.7)55.6 (44.4–77.8)
P value0.3290.1310.002**0.664
Research or educationNo46.4 (39.3–53.6)50.0 (41.7–66.7)61.9 (52.4–66.7)66.7 (55.6–77.8)
Yes42.9 (35.7–50.0)50.0 (41.7–66.7)57.1 (47.6–66.7)66.7 (44.4–77.8)
P value0.4000.6970.2590.869
  1. Basic: Includes students from the first to fifth semesters
  2. Clinical areas: Includes students from the sixth to tenth semesters
  3. Internship: Includes students from the eleventh and twelfth semesters
  4. For confidentiality, the three universities included were coded as U1, U2, and U3.
  5. IV Intravenous
  6. UTI Urinary tract infection
  7. Me Median
  8. IQR Interquartile range
  9. * P value < 0.05, ** P value < 0.01