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Table 4 Mean subscale scores of participants’ rating of professional behaviors of medical students, residents, and faculty

From: Perceptions of medical students towards the practice of professionalism at the Arabian Gulf University

  Medical Students Residents Faculty ANOVA
Year 2016–2017 (n = 120)
 Subscale 1 Respect/Caring/Compassion/Altruism (range 3–9) 4.59 ± 1.33 4.79 ± 1.43 4.88 ± 1.51 0.285
 Subscale 2 Honesty/integrity (range 3–9) 5.71 ± 1.4 5.15 ± 1.30 5.18 ± 1.34 0.002
 Subscale 3 Accountability/responsibility (range 2–6) 3.88 ± 0.92 3.59 ± 1.02 3.67 ± 1.06 0.079
 Subscale 4 Duty/Service/Excellence (range 3–9) 6.13 ± 1.19 5.85 ± 1.29 5.89 ± 1.16 0.152
Year 2017–2018 (n = 135)
 Subscale 1 Respect/Caring/Compassion/Altruism 4.48 ± 1.29 4.76 ± 1.41 4.84 ± 1.57 0.091
 Subscale 2 Honesty/integrity 5.68 ± 1.41 5.07 ± 1.28 4.97 ± 1.30 0.000
 Subscale 3 Accountability/responsibility 3.82 ± 0.93 3.63 ± 0.99 3.65 ± 0.99 0.206
 Subscale 4 Duty/Service/Excellence 6.26 ± 1.23 5.84 ± 1.35 5.92 ± 1.19 0.015
Year 2018–2019 (n = 149)
 Subscale 1 Respect/Caring/Compassion/Altruism 4.40 ± 1.24 4.66 ± 1.4 4.84 ± 1.53 0.026
 Subscale 2 Honesty/integrity 5.56 ± 1.35 5.00 ± 1.24 5.04 ± 1.28 0.000
 Subscale 3 Accountability/responsibility 3.81 ± 0.93 3.51 ± 0.96 3.51 ± 1.00 0.010
 Subscale 4 Duty/Service/Excellence 6.17 ± 1.09 5.79 ± 1.21 5.84 ± 1.08 0.007
Year 2019–2020 (n = 116)
 Subscale 1 Respect/Caring/Compassion/Altruism 4.34 ± 1.19 4.78 ± 1.44 4.87 ± 1.51 0.009
 Subscale 2 Honesty/integrity 5.53 ± 1.31 5.13 ± 1.32 5.16 ± 1.36 0.043
 Subscale 3 Accountability/responsibility 3.99 ± 0.90 3.59 ± 1.03 3.66 ± 1.06 0.005
 Subscale 4 Duty/Service/Excellence 6.32 ± 1.18 5.82 ± 1.30 5.89 ± 1.16 0.003