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Table 6 Test-taking strategies described by participants in the response selection stage

From: Situational judgment test validity: an exploratory model of the participant response process using cognitive and think-aloud interviews

Test-taking strategies Description Example of strategies
Ordered Approach
 Best to Worst Identify responses in order from most to least appropriate “Going from what would be least conflict inducing to most inducing” (P11)
 Worst to Best Identify responses in order from least to most appropriate “I started with the least appropriate and worked my way to most” (P04)
 Extremes First Identify responses at the extremes first (least and most appropriate), then the middle “I identified the first and fifth one” (P06)
 Chronologically Identify responses in order that actions would be performed “I would do every single one of these in this order” (P10)
 Pattern Identify responses in a type of pattern that is relatively consistent “I’m noticing a pattern – acknowledge, ask, offer, tell, stay” (S06)
Compare Responses Evaluate response ranking by comparing two at a time “So, deciding between imagining things and confronting the person” (S12)
Rephrase State the responses in a different way to identify the ranking “So, what do I do?” (S09)
Guess Randomly assign rankings to a response “I just kind of put numbers down because I didn’t know” (S12)
Before Reading Responses Attempt to identify the best response before reading the answer options “Before even looking at the answers, I would think about …” (S02)
Process of Elimination Assign a ranking based on what remains after ranking other options “I guess through process of elimination it leaves …” (P07)