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Table 3 Type of assumptions made by participants in the comprehension stage

From: Situational judgment test validity: an exploratory model of the participant response process using cognitive and think-aloud interviews

Assumption types Description Example of assumptions
Person Assumption about the actors within the scenario “Maybe they are lying but I don’t start with that – I’m not going to assume that” (S04)
Tone Assumption about how individuals are communicating in the scenario “It sounded really cold, just you’re required to finish” (S15)
Severity Assumption about the potential consequences or stakes associated with an outcome of a scenario or response “Chance are if they got in front of you, it wouldn’t make you late” (S01)
Information Accuracy Assumption about if the information provided was truthful and complete “So, if it really was an error … I would first apologize” (P02)
Urgency Assumption about how quickly the situation needs to be addressed “I’m going to assume it’s urgent based on that I would apologize” (S04)
Position Assumption about the relative position of the individual in the scenario “I’m assuming in the last scenario you’re not on the safety committee” (S04)